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Studies Found: 1104

HEART - HEART ATTACK (MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION)

Hydrogen Attenuates Myocardial Injury in Rats by Regulating Oxidative Stress and NLRP3 Inflammasome ...

Year Published: 2021

Purpose: Hydrogen (H2) is an antioxidant with anti-inflammatory and apoptosis functions.This study aimed to estimate the effects of H2 on acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in rats and its association with the inhibition of oxidative stress and cardiomyocyte pyroptosis. Methods: Sixty-four rats were randomly divided into three groups (Sham, AMI, and H2). The left anterior descending coronary artery ...
WHOLE BODY - HYDROGEN BIOLOGY

Safety of Prolonged Inhalation of Hydrogen Gas in Air in Healthy Adults

Year Published: 2021

Ischemia-reperfusion injury is common in critically ill patients, and directed therapies are lacking. Inhaled hydrogen gas diminishes ischemia-reperfusion injury in models of shock, stroke, and cardiac arrest. The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety of inhaled hydrogen gas at doses required for a clinical efficacy study. Design: Prospective, single-arm study. Setting: Tertiary care ...
BRAIN - TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY

An H2-infused, nitric oxide-producing functional beverage as a neuroprotective agent for TBIs and ...

Year Published: 2021

Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are a leading cause of death and disability. Sports-related TBIs are estimated to be more than several million per year. The pathophysiology of TBIs involves high levels of inflammation, oxidative stress, dysregulation of ion homeostasis, mitochondrial dysfunction, and apoptosis. There is also a reduction in cerebral blood flow, leading to hypoxia and reduced ...
BRAIN - BRAIN INJURY

Hydrogen-rich saline alleviates early brain injury through regulating of ER stress and autophagy ...

Year Published: 2021

Purpose: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a common complication of cerebral vascular disease. Hydrogen has been reported to alleviate early brain injury (EBI) through oxidative stress injury, reactive oxygen species (ROS), and autophagy. Autophagy is a programmed cell death mechanism that plays a vital role in neuronal cell death after SAH. However, the precise role of autophagy in ...
LUNG - SEPSIS

High concentration of hydrogen gas alleviates Lipopolysaccharide-induced lung injury via activating ...

Year Published: 2021

Background and aims: The lung is the first organ to fail in sepsis. Our previous studies have proven that 2% molecular hydrogen (H2) inhalation remain a protective effect on a septic animal model via its anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptosis properties. This current research aims to observe the therapeutic effect of high concentration hydrogen (67%, HCH) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced acute ...
INTESTINE - CANCER

Multifunctional Magnesium Anastomosis Staples for Wound Closure and Inhibition of Tumor Recurrence ...

Year Published: 2021

Biodegradable magnesium (Mg) implants spontaneously releasing therapeutic agents against tumors are an intriguing therapeutic approach for both tissue repair and tumor treatment. Anastomotic staples are extensively used for wound closure after surgical resection in patients with colorectal tumors. However, the safety of Mg anastomosis implants for intestinal closure and the effect of tumor ...
HEART - HYPERTENSION

Attenuation of Myocardial Fibrosis Using Molecular Hydrogen by Inhibiting the TGF-β Signaling ...

Year Published: 2021

Background: Previous studies have shown that hydrogen (H2) can antagonize the fibrosis of various organs. We investigated whether hydrogen-rich saline (HRS) can attenuate myocardial fibrosis in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and clarified the mechanisms involved. Methods: We examined the effect of HRS and pirfenidone (PFD) on myocardial fibrosis in SHR. Systolic blood pressure, left ...
WHOLE BODY - AGING

The effects of 6-month hydrogen-rich water intake on molecular and phenotypic biomarkers of aging in ...

Year Published: 2021

In this randomized controlled pilot trial, we investigated the effects of a 6-month intake of hydrogen-rich water (HRW) on several molecular and phenotypic biomarkers of aging in older adults aged 70 years and over. Forty older adults (20 women) were randomly allocated in a parallel-group design to receive 0.5 L per day of HRW (15 ppm of hydrogen) or control drink (0 ppm of hydrogen) during a ...
WHOLE BODY - HEAT STRESS

Inhalation of 2% Hydrogen Improves Survival Rate and Attenuates Shedding of Vascular Endothelial ...

Year Published: 2021

Heat stroke is characterized by excessive oxidative stress and inflammatory responses, both of which are implicated in vascular endothelial glycocalyx shedding and heat-stroke mortality. Although molecular hydrogen has antioxidation and anti-inflammatory potency, its effect on the vascular endothelial glycocalyx in heat stroke has not been examined. Therefore, the aim of this study was to ...
BRAIN - SLEEP DEPRIVATION

Hydrogen-rich water and caffeine for alertness and brain metabolism in sleep-deprived habitual ...

Year Published: 2021

The main aim of this randomized-controlled cross-over interventional trial was to assess the acute effects of taking a single dose of hydrogen-rich water (HRW), and compare it with caffeine, HRW plus caffeine, and control water, for alertness, brain metabolism, brain and oxygen saturation, and self-reported adverse events in healthy men and women who were habitual coffee drinkers and were ...
MOUTH - PERIODONTITIS

Molecular hydrogen suppresses Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide-induced increases in ...

Year Published: 2021

Periodontitis is defined as a multifactorial polymicrobial infection accompanied by inflammatory reactions. Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) is known as a major pathogen in the initiation and progression of periodontitis, and a major virulence factor is Pg lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Molecular hydrogen (H2) has been reported to act as a gaseous antioxidant, which suppresses periodontitis progression by ...
INTESTINE - METABOLIC SYNDROME

Colonic lactulose fermentation has no impact on glucagon-like peptide-1 and peptide-YY secretion in ...

Year Published: 2021

Context: The colon houses most of our gut microbiota, which ferments indigestible carbohydrates. The products of fermentation have been proposed to influence the secretion of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and peptide YY (PYY) from the many endocrine cells in the colonic epithelium. However, little is known about the colonic contribution to fasting or postprandial plasma levels of L-cell ...
STOMACH - GASTRIC MUCOSAL INJURY

Metal-Organic Framework Based Hydrogen Release Platform for Multi-Effective Helicobacter Pylori ...

Year Published: 2021

Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is the leading cause of chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer and gastric cancer. Antibiotics, as traditional method for eliminating H. pylori, have no targeting effect, which cause serious bacterial resistance and gut dysbacteriosis. Moreover, antibiotics can hardly address hyperactive inflammatory response or damaged gastric mucosal barrier caused by H. pylori ...
WHOLE BODY - ROS-SCAVENGING

Photosynthesis-inspired H2 generation using a chlorophyll-loaded liposomal nanoplatform to detect ...

Year Published: 2020

A disturbance of reactive oxygen species (ROS) homeostasis may cause the pathogenesis of many diseases. Inspired by natural photosynthesis, this work proposes a photo-driven H2-evolving liposomal nanoplatform (Lip NP) that comprises an upconversion nanoparticle (UCNP) that is conjugated with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) via a ROS-responsive linker, which is encapsulated inside the liposomal system ...
BREAST - CANCER

NIR-Driven Water Splitting H2 Production Nanoplatform for H2-Mediated Cascade-Amplifying Synergetic ...

Year Published: 2020

As a newly emerging treatment strategy for many diseases, hydrogen therapy has attracted a lot of attention because of its excellent biosafety. However, high diffusivity and low solubility make it difficult to accumulate in the local lesions. Herein, we develop H2 self-generation nano-platform by in situ water splitting driven by near infrared (NIR) laser. In this work, core-shell nanoparticles ...
WHOLE BODY - SURGERY/TRANSPLANTATION

In Vivo Evaluation of Bioabsorbable Fe-35Mn-1Ag: First Reports on In Vivo Hydrogen Gas Evolution in ...

Year Published: 2020

This work investigates the influence of Ag (1 wt%) on the mechanical properties, in vitro and in vivo corrosion, and biocompatibility of Fe-35Mn. The microstructure of Fe-35Mn-1Ag possesses a uniform dispersion of discrete silver particles. Slight improvements in compressive properties are attributed to enhanced density and low porosity volume. Fe-35Mn-1Ag exhibits good in vitro and in vivo ...
WHOLE BODY - HYDROGEN BIOLOGY

Low-Flow Nasal Cannula Hydrogen Therapy

Year Published: 2020

Background: Molecular hydrogen (H2) is a biologically active gas that is widely used in the healthcare sector. In recent years, on-site H2 gas generators, which produce high-purity H2 by water electrolysis, have begun to be introduced in hospitals, clinics, beauty salons, and fitness clubs because of their ease of use. In general, these generators produce H2 at a low-flow rate, so physicians are ...
WHOLE BODY - HYDROGEN BIOLOGY

Pharmacokinetics of a single inhalation of hydrogen gas in pigs

Year Published: 2020

The benefits of inhaling hydrogen gas (H2) have been widely reported but its pharmacokinetics have not yet been sufficiently analyzed. We developed a new experimental system in pigs to closely evaluate the process by which H2 is absorbed in the lungs, enters the bloodstream, and is distributed, metabolized, and excreted. We inserted and secured catheters into the carotid artery (CA), portal vein ...
LUNG - CANCER

Hydrogen gas activates coenzyme Q10 to restore exhausted CD8 + T cells, especially PD-1 + Tim3 + ...

Year Published: 2020

As previously reported, hydrogen gas improves the prognosis of patients with cancer by restoring exhausted CD8+ T cells into active CD8+ T cells, possibly by activating mitochondria. As mitochondrial activators exhibit synergistic effects with nivolumab, the current study investigated whether hydrogen gas also affects the clinical outcomes of nivolumab. A total of 42 of 56 patients with lung ...
BONE - SURGERY/TRANSPLANTATION

Comparative Assessment of In Vitro and In Vivo Biodegradation of Mg-1Ca Magnesium Alloys for ...

Year Published: 2020

Use of magnesium implants is a new trend in orthopedic research because it has several important properties that recommend it as an excellent resorbable biomaterial for implants. In this study, the corrosion rate and behavior of magnesium alloys during the biodegradation process were determined by in vitro assays, evolution of hydrogen release, and weight loss, and further by in vivo assays ...
EYE - CORNEAL INJURY

Hydrogen promotes the activation of Cu, Zn superoxide dismutase in a rat corneal alkali-burn model

Year Published: 2020

Aim: To investigate the effects of hydrogen (H2) on Cu, Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) activation in a rat model of corneal alkali burn. Methods: In each rat, one cornea was subjected to alkali exposure. Physiological saline (saline group) or H2-dissolved saline (H2 group) was instilled continuously on the cornea for 5min before and after alkali exposure. Inflammatory cells, neovascularization, ...
WHOLE BODY - DIABETES

Effects of hydrogen-rich water prepared by alternating-current-electrolysis on antioxidant activity, ...

Year Published: 2020

Hydrogen-rich water is conventionally prepared by direct current-electrolysis, but has been not or scarcely prepared by alternating current (AC)-electrolysis. The AC preparations from tap water for 20-30 minutes exhibit a dissolved hydrogen concentration of 1.55 mg/L, which was close to the theoretical maximum value of 1.6 mg/L. These preparations also displayed an oxidation-reduction potential of ...
WHOLE BODY - INFLAMMATION

Molecular hydrogen protects against oxidative stress-induced RAW 264.7 macrophage cells through the ...

Year Published: 2020

Background Oxidative stress is involved in the development of many inflammatory, metabolic and aging diseases.Objective In this study we investigated, the protective effects of H2 on RAW 264.7 macrophage cell against LPS-and H2O2-induced oxidative stress by the inhibition of MAPK pathway and also activate the Nrf2 pathway.ResultsOur results showed H2 increased the macrophage cell proliferation and ...
WHOLE BODY - EXCERCISE

Hydrogen-Rich Water Supplementation and Up-Hill Running Performance: Effect of Athlete Performance ...

Year Published: 2020

Purpose: Hydrogen-rich water (HRW) has been shown to have an antifatigue effect. This study assessed up-hill running performance, as well as physiological and perceptual responses after supplementation with 1680 mL HRW between 24 h and 40 min before running, in athletes of heterogeneous running ability. Methods: Sixteen males (mean [SD] age 31.6 [8.6] y, VO2max 57.2 [8.9] mL·kg-1·min-1, body fat ...
EYE - CORNEAL INJURY

An Immunohistochemical Study of the Increase in Antioxidant Capacity of Corneal Epithelial Cells by ...

Year Published: 2020

Corneal alkali burns are potentially blinding injuries. Alkali induces oxidative stress in corneas followed by excessive corneal inflammation, neovascularization, and untransparent scar formation. Molecular hydrogen (H2), a potent reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenger, suppresses oxidative stress and enables corneal healing when applied on the corneal surface. The purpose of this study was to ...