Search

Studies Found: 1104

BREAST - CANCER

Magnesium-based micromotors for enhanced active and synergistic hydrogen chemotherapy

Year Published: 2020

Hydrogen therapy has recently emerged as an attractive approach for combating major diseases including cancer, diabetes, stroke and Parkinson's disease. Herein, we ingeniously fabricated a fully biodegradable Magnesium (Mg) based micromotor for the active hydrogen and chemotherapeutics delivery, and firstly proposed the concept of a self-propelled micromotor platform used for cancer active ...
STOMACH - CANCER

Effects of alkaline water intake on gastritis and miRNA expression (miR-7, miR-155, miR-135b and ...

Year Published: 2020

It is known that abnormal expression of miRNAs in the gastric cancer (GC) contributes to its carcinogenesis. Therefore, ingestion of commercial (usual) water on a daily basis may be a contributing factor for the occurrence of alterations in the gastric mucosal. In this study, it was evaluated the expression of the miRNAs miR-29c, miR-7, miR-155, and miR-135b in the gastric tissue of patients with ...
BLADDER - CANCER

A Photo-Activated H2 Nanogenerator for Enhanced Chemotherapy of Bladder Cancer

Year Published: 2020

Hydrogen gas can mitigate oxidative stress in many diseases that is regarded to be safe and free of side effect. Inspired by a metalloenzyme in a variety of microorganisms, here we propose a photo-activated H2 nanogenerator that comprises a fluorinated chitosan (FCS), a chemotherapeutic drug (Gemcitabine, GEM), and a catalyst of H2 production ([FeFe]TPP) that can form self-assembled ...
LUNG - CANCER

Two weeks of hydrogen inhalation can significantly reverse adaptive and innate immune system ...

Year Published: 2020

Following standard treatments, the traditional model for enhancing anti-tumor immunity involves performing immune reconstitution (e.g., adoptive immune cell therapies or immunoenhancing drugs) to prevent recurrence. For patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer, we report here on two objectives, the immunosenescence for advanced non-small cell lung cancer and hydrogen gas inhalation for ...
BONE - OSTEONECROSIS

A study on the protective effect of molecular hydrogen on osteoradionecrosis of the jaw in rats

Year Published: 2020

The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effect of hydrogen in a rat model of osteoradionecrosis of the jaw (ORNJ). The rats and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) were pre-treated with hydrogen before receiving irradiation (7Gy per fraction, five fractions in total once a day for rats, 4Gy for BMSCs). Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cell differentiation were ...
STOMACH - PROTEIN DIGESTION

Hydrogen molecules can modulate enzymatic activity and structural properties of pepsin in vitro

Year Published: 2020

Hydrogen gas therapy has been recognized as the promising application merit. However, the underlying mechanism on the biological effects remains far from being understood. In this work, pepsin used as a research model, the effects of hydrogen-rich water on the protein activities and structural properties were investigated by enzymatic assay, atomic force microscopy-based peakforce quantitative ...
BONE - OSTEOARTHRITIS (OA)

Protective Effects of Hydrogen-Rich Water Against Cartilage Damage in a Rat Model of Osteoarthritis ...

Year Published: 2020

BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms underlying the potential effects of hydrogen-rich water (HW) on articular cartilage in a rat osteoarthritis (OA) model. MATERIAL AND METHODS A rat model of OA was established using the modified Hulth method, and rats were forced to exercise for 30 min every day 1 week after surgery for 7 weeks. Mankin's method was used to score the ...
WHOLE BODY - INFLAMMATION

Outcomes Assessment of Sustainable and Innovatively Simple Lifestyle Modification at the Workplace - ...

Year Published: 2020

Oxidative stress has been associated with many diseases as well as aging. Electrolyzed-reduced water (ERW) has been suggested to reduce oxidative stress and improve antioxidant potential. This study investigated the effects of drinking ERW on biomarkers of oxidative stress and health-related indices in healthy adults. We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial on 65 ...
BRAIN - STROKE

Hydrogen-rich saline ameliorates hippocampal neuron apoptosis through up-regulating the expression ...

Year Published: 2020

Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the potential role of hydrogen in rats after cerebral ischemic/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Materials and methods: The experimental samples were composed of sham group, model group of rats that received middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) for 2 hr followed by reperfusion for 24 hr, and the hydrogen saline group treated by hydro¬gen-rich saline (1 ml/kg) ...
LUNG - SARS/COVID

Patient-Reported Health Outcomes After Treatment of COVID-19 with Nebulized and/or Intravenous ...

Year Published: 2020

Background: Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is currently the main public health problem worldwide. The administration of neutral electrolyzed saline, a solution that contains reactive species of chlorine and oxygen (ROS), may be an effective therapeutic alternative due to its immunomodulating characteristics, in systemic inflammation control, as well as in immune response improvement, promoting ...
INTESTINE - PATHOGENIC BACTERIAL LOAD

Metagenomic insights into the effects of nanobubble water on the composition of gut microbiota in ...

Year Published: 2020

The particular physicochemical and biological properties of nanobubbles (NBs) have prompted many researchers to conduct an in-depth study on their potential application in various fields. This study aims to investigate the effects of nanobubble water (NBW) on the community structure of the gut microbiota in mice. In this study, supplementation with nitrogen NBW (SD-N2 group), hydrogen NBW (SD-H2 ...
WHOLE BODY - EXCERCISE

Hydrogen-rich water suppresses the reduction in blood total antioxidant capacity induced by 3 ...

Year Published: 2020

Repeated sprint exercise can interfere with intramuscular redox balance and cause systemic oxidative stress and muscle damage. There is growing evidence that molecular hydrogen counteracts oxidative and/or inflammatory responses. Therefore, we investigated the effects of molecular hydrogen-rich water (HW) on muscle performance and oxidative stress markers induced by strenuous exercise. A ...
SKIN - WOUND HEALING

Effects of Strong Acidic Electrolyzed Water in Wound Healing via Inflammatory and Oxidative Stress ...

Year Published: 2020

Strong acidic electrolyzed water (StAEW) is known to inactivate microorganisms but is not fully explored in the medical field. This study is aimed at exploring StAEW as a potential wound care agent and its mechanism. StAEW (pH: 2.65, ORP: 1159 mV, ACC: 32.1 ppm) was sprayed three times a day to the cutaneous wounds of hairless mice for seven days. Wound morphological and histological features and ...
SKIN - VITILIGO

Molecular Hydrogen Protects Human Melanocytes from Oxidative Stress by Activating Nrf2 Signaling

Year Published: 2020

Oxidative stress is proven to be critical for the initiation and progression of vitiligo. Molecular hydrogen (H2) possesses potent antioxidant activity and has been shown to protect against various oxidative stress-related diseases. In this study, we first investigated the effects and mechanisms of H2 in human melanocytes damaged by hydrogen peroxide. We initially found that H2 reduced ...
HEART - MITOCHONDRIAL FUNCTION

A new insight into the molecular hydrogen effect on coenzyme Q and mitochondrial function of rats

Year Published: 2020

Mitochondria are the major source of cellular energy metabolism. In the cardiac cells, mitochondria produce by way of the oxidative phosphorylation more than 90% of the energy supply in the form of ATP, which is utilized in many ATP-dependent processes, like cycling of the contractile proteins or maintaining ion gradients. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are by-products of cellular metabolism and ...
WHOLE BODY - MITOCHONDRIAL FUNCTION

Molecular Hydrogen Manages Mitochondrial Proteostatic Stress and Induces Cellular Response

Year Published: 2020

Molecular hydrogen (H2) has an anti‐oxidant effect on hundreds of animal models. However, the exact molecular mechanisms of molecular hydrogen still remains elusive. Mitochondrial unfolded protein response (mtUPR) is a known stress response to perturbed mitochondrial proteostasis caused by oxidative stress or mitochondrial dysfunction. We examined the effects of molecular hydrogen on mtUPR by ...
LIVER - EXCERCISE

Inhalation of molecular hydrogen increases breath acetone excretion during submaximal exercise: a ...

Year Published: 2020

Aerobic exercise is widely accepted as a beneficial option for reducing fat in humans. Recently, it has been suggested that molecular hydrogen (H2) augments mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation. Therefore, the hypothesis that inhaling H2 could facilitate lipid metabolism during aerobic exercise was investigated in the current study by measuring the breath acetone levels, which could be used as ...
WHOLE BODY - EXCERCISE

Two-week continuous supplementation of hydrogen-rich water increases peak oxygen uptake during an ...

Year Published: 2020

The various beneficial effects of the intake of molecular hydrogen (H2) have been demonstrated in the field of sports science. Although supplementation of H2 has been reported to increase mitochondrial metabolism in animal studies, the effects of the administration of H2 on aerobic capacity during exercise in humans are still not clear. We investigated whether a single or 2-week continuous intake ...
KIDNEY - KIDNEY FAILURE

Efficacy of a Si-based agent against developing renal failure in a rat remnant kidney model

Year Published: 2020

Chronic renal failure is exacerbated by oxidative stress, and this condition is difficult to treat in advanced stages. Because of the lack of effective treatments, the disease is a global public health concern. We developed a Si-based agent that continuously generates hydrogen for more than 24 h by reacting with water under conditions similar to those in the gastrointestinal tract. Given the ...
HEART - ATHEROSCLEROSIS

Peripheral endothelial function can be improved by daily consumption of water containing over 7 ppm ...

Year Published: 2020

Background: Measurement of the reactive hyperemia index (RHI) using peripheral arterial tonometry (PAT) has shown benefits in the evaluation of vascular endothelial function and prediction of cardiovascular disease prognosis. Thus, it is important to examine the factors that promote the RHI. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of molecular hydrogen (H2) on reactive hyperemia-PAT of ...
WHOLE BODY - MITOCHONDRIAL FUNCTION

Molecular hydrogen suppresses superoxide generation in the mitochondrial complex I and reduced ...

Year Published: 2020

Molecular hydrogen (H2) is recognized as a medical gas applicable to numerous diseases including neurodegenerative diseases, metabolic disorders, and rheumatoid arthritis. Although the efficacy of H2 is reportedly attributed to its scavenging capability against the hydroxyl radical, the mechanisms underlying its therapeutic efficacy are not fully understood. Herein, we estimated the role of H2 in ...
WHOLE BODY - EXCERCISE

Effects of electrolyzed hydrogen water ingestion during endurance exercise in a heated environment ...

Year Published: 2020

Electrolyzed hydrogen water (EHW) is generated at a cathode. It contains many hydrogen molecules with high alkaline properties. The physiological effects of ingesting EHW during endurance exercise are unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of ingesting EHW during endurance exercise in a heated environment on body fluid balance and exercise performance. Twelve triathletes ...
BONE - EXCERCISE

Hydrotherapy with hydrogen-rich water compared with RICE protocol following acute ankle sprain in ...

Year Published: 2020

We analysed the effects of an experimental novel protocol of intensive hydrotherapy with hydrogen-rich water (HRW) on injury recovery in athletic men who suffered an acute ankle sprain (AAS) and compared it with a RICE protocol (rest, ice, compression, elevation). Professional athletes (age 23.7 ± 4.0 years; weight 78.6 ± 5.7 kg, height 182.5 ± 4.3 cm; professional experience 5.9 ± 3.9 years) ...
BONE - EXCERCISE

Case Report: Acute hydrotherapy with super-saturated hydrogen-rich water for ankle sprain in a ...

Year Published: 2020

Background: The traditional treatment of soft tissue injuries consists of the RICE protocol - rest, ice, compression, and elevation, followed for up to 72 hours after a trauma. Although designed as an immediate therapy to reduce inflammation that occurs after an acute injury, the RICE protcol might not be the best way to promote healing due to limiting blood flow. Molecular hydrogen (H 2) has ...