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Studies Found: 191

BRAIN - ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE (AD)

Hydrogen-rich water ameliorates neuropathological impairments in a mouse model of Alzheimer's ...

Year Published: 2022

Hydrogen exhibits the potential to treat Alzheimer's disease. Stereotactic injection has been previously used as an invasive method of administering active hydrogen, but this method has limitations in clinical practice. In this study, triple transgenic (3×Tg) Alzheimer's disease mice were treated with hydrogen-rich water for 7 months. The results showed that hydrogen-rich water prevented synaptic ...
BRAIN - SEPSIS

Hydrogen alleviated neuronal injury and neuroinflammation induced by microglial activation via the ...

Year Published: 2021

Objective: Sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE) is characterized by diffuse cerebral and central nervous system (CNS) dysfunction. Microglia play a vital role in protecting the brain from neuronal damage, which is closely related to inflammatory responses. The Nrf2 signaling pathway has an impact on microglial and neuronal injury. Here, we mainly explored the molecular mechanism by which H2 ...
BRAIN - BRAIN INJURY

Hydrogen gas post-conditioning attenuates early neuronal pyroptosis in a rat model of subarachnoid ...

Year Published: 2021

Neuronal pyroptosis serves an important role in the progress of neurologic dysfunction following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), which is predominantly caused by a ruptured aneurysm. Hydrogen gas has been previously reported to be an effective anti-inflammatory agent against ischemia-associated diseases by regulating mitochondrial function. The objective of the present study was to investigate the ...
BRAIN - ADDICTION

Hydrogen enriched saline alleviates morphine tolerance via inhibiting neuroinflammation, GLT-1, GS ...

Year Published: 2021

The development and maintenance of morphine tolerance showed association with neuroinflammation and dysfunction of central glutamatergic system (such as nitration of glutamate transporter). Recent evidence indicated that hydrogen could reduce the levels of neuroinflammation and oxidative stress, but its role in morphine tolerance has not been studied. The rats were intrathecally administered with ...
BRAIN - PARKINSON'S DISEASE

Randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial of hydrogen inhalation for Parkinson's disease: a ...

Year Published: 2021

Background: Oxidative stress is involved in the progression of Parkinson's disease (PD). Recent studies have confirmed that molecular hydrogen (H2) functions as a highly effective antioxidant in animal models of PD. A placebo-controlled, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group clinical pilot study was conducted to assess the efficacy of hydrogen gas inhalation in Japanese patients with PD on ...
BRAIN - STROKE

Intravenous Hydrogen Therapy With Intracisternal Magnesium Sulfate Infusion in Severe Aneurysmal ...

Year Published: 2021

Background and purpose: Poor-grade subarachnoid hemorrhage still has a poor prognosis. This randomized controlled clinical trial evaluated intracisternal magnesium sulfate infusion combined with intravenous hydrogen therapy in patients with poor-grade subarachnoid hemorrhage. Methods: Thirty-seven patients with poor-grade subarachnoid hemorrhage were randomized to Mg+H2, Mg, and control groups. Mg ...
BRAIN - PARKINSON'S DISEASE

Effects of concomitant use of hydrogen water and photobiomodulation on Parkinson disease: A pilot ...

Year Published: 2021

Background: Parkinson disease (PD), the second most common neurodegenerative disease, has no cure or applicable disease-modifying approach, only symptomatic therapy. Oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction play key roles in PD pathophysiology. Animal studies have demonstrated that photobiomodulation (PBM) may enhance mitochondrial function and boost adenosine triphosphate production, thus ...
BRAIN - SEPSIS

Hydrogen gas alleviates sepsis-induced neuroinflammation and cognitive impairment through regulation ...

Year Published: 2021

Sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE) can cause acute and long-term cognitive impairment and increase the mortality rate in sepsis patients, and we previously reported that 2% hydrogen gas (H2) inhalation has a therapeutic effect on SAE, but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Dynamic DNA methylation, which catalyzed by DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs), is involved in the formation of ...
BRAIN - PARKINSON'S DISEASE

Hydrogen-saturated saline mediated neuroprotection through autophagy via PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway in ...

Year Published: 2021

Some cardiovascular symptoms in the early stage of Parkinson's disease (PD) were related to degeneration of the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) catecholaminergic neurons. To date, little is known about the effects of hydrogen water on early stage of PD. Here, protective actions of hydrogen-saturated saline (HS) on rotenone-induced PD rats, as well as its underlying mechanisms were ...
BRAIN - STROKE

Hydrogen‐Powered Microswimmers for Precise and Active Hydrogen Therapy Towards Acute Ischemic ...

Year Published: 2021

Biodegradable microswimmers offer great potential for minimally invasive targeted therapy due to their tiny scale, multifunctionality, and versatility. However, most of the reported systems focused on the proof‐of‐concept on the in vitro level. Here, the successful fabrication of facile hydrogen‐powered microswimmers (HPMs) for precise and active therapy of acute ischemic stroke is ...
BRAIN - BRAIN INJURY

Hydrogen gas post-conditioning alleviates cognitive dysfunction and anxiety-like behavior in a rat ...

Year Published: 2021

Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) results in high rates of mortality and lasting disability. Hydrogen gas (H2) is an antioxidant with demonstrated neuroprotective efficacy. The present study examined the therapeutic efficacy of H2 inhalation on early brain injury following experimental SAH in rats and the potential underlying molecular mechanisms. The rats were randomly separated into three groups ...
BRAIN - TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY

An H2-infused, nitric oxide-producing functional beverage as a neuroprotective agent for TBIs and ...

Year Published: 2021

Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are a leading cause of death and disability. Sports-related TBIs are estimated to be more than several million per year. The pathophysiology of TBIs involves high levels of inflammation, oxidative stress, dysregulation of ion homeostasis, mitochondrial dysfunction, and apoptosis. There is also a reduction in cerebral blood flow, leading to hypoxia and reduced ...
BRAIN - BRAIN INJURY

Hydrogen-rich saline alleviates early brain injury through regulating of ER stress and autophagy ...

Year Published: 2021

Purpose: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a common complication of cerebral vascular disease. Hydrogen has been reported to alleviate early brain injury (EBI) through oxidative stress injury, reactive oxygen species (ROS), and autophagy. Autophagy is a programmed cell death mechanism that plays a vital role in neuronal cell death after SAH. However, the precise role of autophagy in ...
BRAIN - SLEEP DEPRIVATION

Hydrogen-rich water and caffeine for alertness and brain metabolism in sleep-deprived habitual ...

Year Published: 2021

The main aim of this randomized-controlled cross-over interventional trial was to assess the acute effects of taking a single dose of hydrogen-rich water (HRW), and compare it with caffeine, HRW plus caffeine, and control water, for alertness, brain metabolism, brain and oxygen saturation, and self-reported adverse events in healthy men and women who were habitual coffee drinkers and were ...
BRAIN - BRAIN INJURY

Hydrogen-Rich Water Improves Cognitive Ability and Induces Antioxidative, Antiapoptotic, and ...

Year Published: 2021

Background: Cerebral ischemia and its reperfusion injury facilitate serious neurodegenerative diseases such as dementia due to cell death; however, there is currently no treatment for it. Reactive oxygen species is one of the many factors that induce and worsen the development of such diseases, and it can be targeted by hydrogen treatment. This study examined the effect of molecular hydrogen in ...
BRAIN - AGING

Effects of Natural Reduced Water on Cognitive Function, Body Composition, and Psychological Function ...

Year Published: 2021

Natural reduced water is natural water that contains active hydrogen and reduces oxidation. It is rare in the world, and in Japan, it is produced in the Hita area of Oita Prefecture (Hita Tenryosui water). Previous studies in humans have examined the effects of natural reduced water on diabetes, which is one of the known risks for dementia. Animal studies of natural reduced water have revealed ...
BRAIN - STROKE

Hydrogen-rich saline ameliorates hippocampal neuron apoptosis through up-regulating the expression ...

Year Published: 2020

Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the potential role of hydrogen in rats after cerebral ischemic/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Materials and methods: The experimental samples were composed of sham group, model group of rats that received middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) for 2 hr followed by reperfusion for 24 hr, and the hydrogen saline group treated by hydro¬gen-rich saline (1 ml/kg) ...
BRAIN - SEPSIS

Chronic molecular hydrogen inhalation mitigates short and long-term memory loss in polymicrobial ...

Year Published: 2020

The central nervous system (CNS) is one of the first physiological systems to be affected in sepsis. During the exacerbated systemic inflammatory response at the early stage of sepsis, circulatory inflammatory mediators are able to reach the CNS leading to neuroinflammation and, consequently, long-term impairment in learning and memory formation is observed. The acute treatment with molecular ...
BRAIN - SEPSIS

Molecular hydrogen alleviates brain injury and cognitive impairment in a chronic sequelae model of ...

Year Published: 2020

Sepsis-related encephalopathy (SAE), which causes a series of brain injuries and long-term, potentially irreversible cognitive dysfunction, is closely associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Hydrogen (H2) is a new type of medical gas molecule that has been widely used in the treatment of various diseases in recent years. The aim of the present study was to explore the protective effects ...
BRAIN - STROKE

Longitudinal multiparametric MRI study of hydrogen-enriched water with minocycline combination ...

Year Published: 2020

Free radicals are downstream mediators of several cytotoxic cascades contributing to ischemic brain injury. Molecular hydrogen (H2) is an antioxidant potentially useful in the treatment of stroke. Hydrogen is easy to deliver, biologically non-toxic and diffuses freely through all biological structures including the blood-brain barrier and cellular membranes. This study evaluated the efficacy of ...
BRAIN - DIABETES

Protective effects of hydrogen‑rich saline against experimental diabetic peripheral neuropathy via ...

Year Published: 2020

It has previously been demonstrated that hyperglycemia‑induced oxidative stress and inflammation are closely associated with the development of diabetic complications, including diabetic neuropathy. Additionally, mitochondrial ATP‑sensitive potassium (Mito‑K‑ATP) channels play a homeostatic role on blood glucose regulation in organisms. Molecular hydrogen (H2) exhibits anti‑inflammatory, ...
BRAIN - PARKINSON'S DISEASE

Renoprotective and neuroprotective effects of enteric hydrogen generation from Si-based agent

Year Published: 2020

We have developed Si-based agent which can generate a large amount of hydrogen. Si-based agent continues generating hydrogen for more than 24 h by the reaction with water under conditions similar to those in bowels, i.e., pH8.3 and 36 °C, and generates ~400 mL hydrogen. To investigate beneficial effects for diseases associated with oxidative stress, Si-based agent is administered to remnant ...
BRAIN - AGING

Short-Term H2 Inhalation Improves Cognitive Function in Older Women: A Pilot Study

Year Published: 2020

We analyzed the effects of 4-week H2 inhalation on cognitive performance in women aged 65 and above. The participants (n = 13) were community-dwelling older women (age 68.0 ± 3.0 years; weight 66.9 ± 10.3 kg; height 161.1 ± 5.8 cm) who volunteered to participate in this open-label pilot trial (ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02830854). The participants received H2 by inhalation for 15 min once per day ...
BRAIN - BRAIN INJURY

Inhaled H2 or CO2 Do Not Augment the Neuroprotective Effect of Therapeutic Hypothermia in a Severe ...

Year Published: 2020

Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is still a major cause of neonatal death and disability as therapeutic hypothermia (TH) alone cannot afford sufficient neuroprotection. The present study investigated whether ventilation with molecular hydrogen (2.1% H2) or graded restoration of normocapnia with CO2 for 4 h after asphyxia would augment the neuroprotective effect of TH in a subacute (48 h) HIE ...
BRAIN - BRAIN INJURY

Hydrogen gas inhalation improves delayed brain injury by alleviating early brain injury after ...

Year Published: 2020

Molecular hydrogen (H2) protect neurons against reactive oxygen species and ameliorates early brain injury (EBI) after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). This study investigated the effect of H2 on delayed brain injury (DBI) using the rat SAH + unilateral common carotid artery occlusion (UCCAO) model with the endovascular perforation method. 1.3% H2 gas (1.3% hydrogen premixed with 30% oxygen and ...