Search

Studies Found: 200

BRAIN - NEUROPATHIC PAIN

Hydrogen-rich Saline Alleviated the Hyperpathia and Microglia Activation via Autophagy Mediated ...

Year Published: 2019

Neuropathic pain is a complication after a spinal nerve injury. The inflammasomes are now identified to be responsible for triggering inflammation in neuropathic pain. Autophagy participates in the process of neuropathic pain and can regulate the inflammasome activation in different diseases. Our previous research reported that hydrogen exerted a protective effect against neuropathic pain. ...
BRAIN - CANCER

Brain Metastases Completely Disappear in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Using Hydrogen Gas Inhalation: A ...

Year Published: 2019

Lung cancer is the most common type of tumor, prone to contralateral lung, bone and brain metastasis. We report a 44-year-old woman diagnosed with lung cancer with multiple metastases in November 2015. Oral targeted drugs were initiated after the removal of brain metastases, and most lesions remained stable for 28 months. In March 2018, intracranial multiple metastases, as well as hydrocephalus ...
BRAIN - STROKE

UPLC-QTOF/MS-Based Metabolomics Reveals the Protective Mechanism of Hydrogen on Mice with Ischemic ...

Year Published: 2019

As a reductive gas, hydrogen plays an antioxidant role by selectively scavenging oxygen free radicals. It has been reported that hydrogen has protective effects against nerve damage caused by ischemia–reperfusion in stroke, but the specific mechanism is still unclear. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the protective effects of hydrogen on stroke-induced ischemia–reperfusion injury and ...
BRAIN - BRAIN INJURY

Hydrogen-rich saline promotes microglia M2 polarization and complement-mediated synapse loss to ...

Year Published: 2019

Background Hypoxia-ischemia (HI) during the perinatal period is one of the most common causes of acute mortality and chronic neurologic morbidity. Hydrogen-rich saline (HS) treatment in neonatal mice has been reported to alleviate brain injury following HI, but the mechanisms involved are not known. Methods A modified version of the Rice-Vannucci method for the induction of neonatal HI brain ...
BRAIN - SURGERY/TRANSPLANTATION

Perioperatively Inhaled Hydrogen Gas Diminishes Neurologic Injury Following Experimental Circulatory ...

Year Published: 2019

Highlights • Inhaled hydrogen gas has been shown to temper the sequelae of ischemic insults. Its application in cardiopulmonary bypass has not been investigated. • Neonatal swine were cannulated to cardiopulmonary bypass and exposed to prolonged circulatory arrest (75 min at 25°C). Swine were randomized to treatment with or without inhaled 2.4% hydrogen gas mixtures for 24 h during and ...
BRAIN - PARKINSON'S DISEASE

Inhalation of hydrogen gas elevates urinary 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanine in Parkinson's disease

Year Published: 2019

Hyposmia is one of the earliest and the most common symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD). The benefits of hydrogen water on motor deficits have been reported in animal PD models and PD patients, but the effects of hydrogen gas on PD patients have not been studied. We evaluated the effect of inhalation of hydrogen gas on olfactory function, non-motor symptoms, activities of daily living, and ...
BRAIN - BRAIN INJURY

Hydrogen ventilation combined with mild hypothermia improves short-term neurological outcomes in a ...

Year Published: 2019

Despite its poor outcomes, therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is the current standard treatment for neonatal hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE). In this study, due to its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiapoptotic properties, the effectiveness of molecular hydrogen (H2) combined with TH was evaluated by means of neurological and histological assessments. Piglets were divided into three ...
BRAIN - STROKE

Hydrogen inhibits microglial activation and regulates microglial phenotype in a mouse middle ...

Year Published: 2019

Microglia participate in bi-directional control of brain repair after stroke. Previous studies have demonstrated that hydrogen protects brain after ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) by inhibiting inflammation, but the specific mechanism of anti-inflammatory effect of hydrogen is poorly understood. The goal of our study is to investigate whether inhalation of high concentration hydrogen (HCH) is able to ...
BRAIN - CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION (CPR)

Inhalation of high-concentration hydrogen gas attenuates cognitive deficits in a rat model of ...

Year Published: 2019

Cognitive deficits are a devastating neurological outcome seen in survivors of cardiac arrest. We previously reported water electrolysis derived 67% hydrogen gas inhalation has some beneficial effects on short-term outcomes in a rat model of global brain hypoxia-ischemia induced by asphyxia cardiac arrest. In the present study, we further investigated its protective effects in long-term spatial ...
BRAIN - TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY

Case Report: Buccal administration of hydrogen-producing blend after a mild traumatic brain injury ...

Year Published: 2019

Background: Sport-related mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a serious trauma that could impair brain function of an injured athlete. Treatment solutions for mild TBI typically concentrate on complete rest, while non-traditional therapeutic options remain largely ineffective. Molecular hydrogen (H 2 ) is an innovative neuroprotective agent that can easily reach the brain, yet no data are ...
BRAIN - SEIZURE

Hydrogen Alleviates Necroptosis and Cognitive Deficits in Lithium–Pilocarpine Model of Status ...

Year Published: 2019

Status epilepticus without prompt seizure control always leads to neuronal death and long-term cognitive deficits, but effective intervention is still absent. Here, we found that hydrogen could alleviate the hippocampus-dependent spatial learning and memory deficit in lithium–pilocarpine model of status epilepticus in rats, as evidenced by the results in Morris water maze test. Hydrogen ...
BRAIN - DEMENTIA

FoxO1-mediated autophagy plays an important role in the neuroprotective effects of hydrogen in a rat ...

Year Published: 2019

Vascular dementia (VD) is a heterogeneous group of brain disorders in which cognitive impairment is attributed to cerebrovascular pathologies. Autophagy, a self-cannibalization mechanism, has been demonstrated to be involved in VD progression. Molecular hydrogen is known for its powerful anti-oxidative, anti-apoptotic, and anti-inflammatory activities, and it is also involved in autophagy. ...
BRAIN - CANCER

Molecular hydrogen suppresses glioblastoma growth via inducing the glioma stem-like cell ...

Year Published: 2019

Background: Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common type of primary malignant brain tumor. Molecular hydrogen has been considered a preventive and therapeutic medical gas in many diseases including cancer. In our study, we sought to assess the potential role of molecular hydrogen on GBM. Methods: The in vivo studies were performed using a rat orthotopic glioma model and a mouse subcutaneous ...
BRAIN - CANCER

Effect of Hydrogen-Rich Water on Radiation-Induced Cognitive Dysfunction in Rats

Year Published: 2019

The goal of this work was to determine whether hydrogen-rich water (HRW) could attenuate radiation-induced cognitive dysfunction in rats and to explore the underlying mechanisms. Rats received 30 Gy whole-brain irradiation using a 6-MeV electron beam. Either purified water or HRW (0.8-0.9 ppm) was administrated at 10 min prior to irradiation, as well as a daily HRW treatment after irradiation for ...
BRAIN - NEUROPROTECTION

Protective effect of hydrogen-rich water on oxidative stress cell model and the impact of the ...

Year Published: 2019

Objective: To explore the protective effect of hydrogen-rich water on the oxidative stress injury of astrocytes in mice and its effect on phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) signal pathway. Methods: In vitro, mice astrocytes were cultured and the logarithmic growth period cells were taken for experiment. (1) Experiment one: some cells were acted by 1.25, 2.50, 5.00, 10.00 ...
BRAIN - ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION

Hydrogen gas protects against delayed encephalopathy after acute carbon monoxide poisoning in a rat ...

Year Published: 2019

Objective: The protective effects of 2%-4% hydrogen gas in delayed encephalopathy after acute carbon monoxide poisoning (DEACMP) have been previously reported. This study aimed to assess the neuroprotective effects of high concentration hydrogen (HCH) on DEACMP. Methods: A total of 36 male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 3 groups. In the DEACMP group, rats were exposed to CO to induce CO ...
BRAIN - ADDICTION

Effects of Molecular Hydrogen on Methamphetamine-Induced Neurotoxicity and Spatial Memory Impairment

Year Published: 2019

Methamphetamine (METH) is a highly addictive stimulant, and METH exposure can induce irreversible neuronal damage and cause neuropsychiatric and cognitive disorders. The ever-increasing levels of METH abuse worldwide have necessitated the identification of effective intervention strategies to protect the brain against METH-induced neurotoxicity. The protective effects of molecular hydrogen on ...
BRAIN - BRAIN INJURY

Hydrogen inhalation protects hypoxic–ischemic brain damage by attenuating inflammation and ...

Year Published: 2019

Hypoxic–ischemic brain damage (HIBD) is one of the leading causes of brain injury in infant with high risk of mortality and disability; therefore, it is important to explore more feasible and effective treatment strategies. Here, we assessed the neuroprotective effects of different hydrogen inhalation times for the treatment of HIBD. We induced hypoxia–ischemia in Sprague–Dawley rats ...
BRAIN - STROKE

Neuroprotective effects of hydrogen inhalation in an experimental rat intracerebral hemorrhage model

Year Published: 2018

Objective: Hydrogen inhalation has been found to be neuroprotective and anti-oxidative in several brain injury models. Building on these studies, we investigated potential neuroprotective effects of hydrogen inhalation in a rat model of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), focusing on apoptosis and inflammation. Methods: Forty-five 8-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three ...
BRAIN - TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY

Effect of hydrogen-rich water on the chondriosome damage and cytokines in brain tissue of rats with ...

Year Published: 2018

Objective: To observe the effect of hydrogen-rich water on the chondriosome damage and cytokines change in brain tissue of rats with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Methods: Fifty-four health male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided into three groups by random number table: sham group, trauma group (TBI group), and trauma+hydrogen-rich water group (TBI+HW group), the rats in each group were ...
BRAIN - AUTISM

Hydrogen-Rich Water Ameliorates Autistic-Like Behavioral Abnormalities in Valproic Acid-Treated ...

Year Published: 2018

Due to its anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects, recent research has demonstrated that molecular hydrogen can serve as a new medical approach for depression, anxiety and traumatic brain injury. However, its potential effects on neurodevelopmental diseases, such as autism are still elusive. The present study aims to investigate the potential effects of hydrogen-rich water (HRW) ...
BRAIN - ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE (AD)

Hydrogen-rich water improves cognitive impairment gender-dependently in APP/PS1 mice without ...

Year Published: 2018

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterised as a provoked inflammatory response and oxidative stress along with amyloid β peptide (Aβ) deposition and neurofibrillary tangles in the brain, and effective treatment is greatly needed. Molecular hydrogen, which has been proposed to be an antioxidant that selectively reduces reactive oxygen species, was found to exert beneficial effects in Aβ ...
BRAIN - STROKE

Hydrogen inhalation improves mouse neurological outcomes after cerebral ischemia/reperfusion ...

Year Published: 2018

This study aimed to investigate the role of necroptosis in the neuroprotection of hydrogen in a mouse model of cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. C57BL mice were randomly divided into sham group, I/R group, hydrogen/oxygen group (HO), nitrogen/oxygen group (NO). Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) for 1 hour followed by reperfusion was introduced to animals which were allowed to ...
BRAIN - CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION (CPR)

Inhalation of high concentration hydrogen gas improves short-term outcomes in a rat model of ...

Year Published: 2018

Cardiogenic global brain hypoxia-ischemia is a devastating medical problem that is associated with unfavorable neurologic outcomes. Low dose hydrogen gas (up to 2.9%) has been shown to be neuroprotective in a variety of brain diseases. In the present study, we investigated the protective effect of water by electrolysis-derived high concentration hydrogen gas (60%) in a rat model of asphyxia ...
BRAIN - DIABETES

Hydrogen‑rich medium alleviates high glucose‑induced oxidative stress and parthanatos in rat ...

Year Published: 2018

Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is considered to be the most common cause of microvascular diabetic complications, for which no effective therapies currently exist. Previous studies have identified that oxidative stress is the common pathway in all possible hypotheses for the induction of DPN, and poly(ADP‑ribose) (PAR) polymerase‑1 (PARP‑1)‑dependent cell death (parthanatos) is key ...