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Studies Found: 189

BRAIN - STROKE

Hydrogen exerts neuroprotective effects on OGD/R damaged neurons in rat hippocampal by protecting ...

Year Published: 2018

Cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) is a serious complication during the treatment of stroke patients with very few effective clinical treatment. Hydrogen (H2) can protect mitochondria function and have favorable therapeutic effects on cerebral IRI. Mitophagy plays an important role in eliminating damaged or dysfunctional mitochondria and maintaining mitochondria homeostasis. However, ...
BRAIN - PARKINSON'S DISEASE

Randomized, double-blind, multicenter trial of hydrogen water for Parkinson's disease: New ...

Year Published: 2018

Background: Our previous randomized double-blind study showed that drinking hydrogen (H2) water for 48 weeks significantly improved the total Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) score of Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients treated with levodopa. We aim to confirm this result using a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled multi-center trial. Methods: Changes in the total UPDRS ...
BRAIN - TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY

Hydrogen-rich water attenuates oxidative stress in rats with traumatic brain injury via Nrf2 pathway

Year Published: 2018

Background: Several studies have recently found that oxidative stress plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and may represent a target in TBI treatment. Hydrogen-rich water was recently shown to exert neuroprotective effects in various neurological diseases through its antioxidant properties. However, the mechanisms underlying its effects in TBI are not clearly ...
BRAIN - CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION (CPR)

Hydrogen Inhalation is Superior to Mild Hypothermia for Improving Neurological Outcome and Survival ...

Year Published: 2017

Background: Postcardiac arrest syndrome is the consequence of whole-body ischemia-reperfusion events that lead to multiple organ failure and eventually to death. Recent animal studies demonstrated that inhalation of hydrogen greatly mitigates postresuscitation myocardial dysfunction and brain injury. However, the influence of underlying heart disease on the efficacy of hydrogen is still unknown. ...
BRAIN - SURGERY/TRANSPLANTATION

Hydrogen-Rich Saline Attenuates Brain Injury Induced by Cardiopulmonary Bypass and Inhibits ...

Year Published: 2017

Background/aims: Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is prone to inducing brain injury during open heart surgery. A hydrogen-rich solution (HRS) can prevent oxidation and apoptosis, and inhibit inflammation. This study investigated effects of HRS on brain injury induced by CPB and regulatory mechanisms of the PI3K/Akt/GSK3β signaling pathway. Methods: A rat CPB model and an in vitro cell hypoxia model ...
BRAIN - STRESS RESILIENCE

Molecular hydrogen increases resilience to stress in mice

Year Published: 2017

The inability to successfully adapt to stress produces pathological changes that can lead to depression. Molecular hydrogen has anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory activities and neuroprotective effects. However, the potential role of molecular hydrogen in stress-related disorders is still poorly understood. The present study aims to investigate the effects of hydrogen gas on resilience to stress ...
BRAIN - CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION (CPR)

Hydrogen-rich saline attenuates hippocampus endoplasmic reticulum stress after cardiac arrest in ...

Year Published: 2017

Background: Hydrogen-rich saline can selectively scavenge reactive oxygen species (ROS) and protect brain against ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury. Endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) has been implicated in the pathological process of cerebral ischemia. However, very little is known about the role of hydrogen-rich saline in mediating pathophysiological reactions to ERS after I/R injury caused by ...
BRAIN - NEUROPROTECTION

Hydrogen-rich saline attenuates isoflurane-induced caspase-3 activation and cognitive impairment via ...

Year Published: 2017

Objectives: The inhaled general anesthetic isoflurane has been shown to induce caspase-3 activation in vitro and in vivo. The underlying mechanisms and functional consequences of this activity remain unclear. Isoflurane can induce caspase-3 activation by causing accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial dysfunction, and reduction in adenosine triphosphate (ATP) levels. This ...
BRAIN - BRAIN INJURY

Hydrogen saline suppresses neuronal cell apoptosis and inhibits the p38 mitogen-activated protein ...

Year Published: 2017

Cerebral ischemia‑reperfusion injury (CIRI) is a serious pathological disease that is associated with a high rate death and disability. Saturated hydrogen (H2) saline exhibits brain protective functions through anti‑inflammatory, antioxidant and antiapoptotic effects. The present study investigated the potential treatment effects of H2 on CIRI. In addition, the potential protective mechanisms ...
BRAIN - TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY

Effect of hydrogen-rich water on the CD34 expression in lesion boundary brain tissue of rats with ...

Year Published: 2017

Objective: To observe the effect of hydrogen-rich water on the CD34 expression and angiogenesis in lesion boundary brain tissue of rats with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Methods: A total of 54 adult male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided into three groups by random number table: namely sham-operated group (sham group), trauma group (TBI group), and trauma + hydrogen-rich water group (TBI+HW ...
BRAIN - ANXIETY

Natural reduced water suppressed anxiety and protected the heightened oxidative stress in rats

Year Published: 2017

Background: In Japan, the effects of reduced water, such as hydrogen-rich electrolyzed reduced water and natural reduced water, like Hita Tenryosui water®, have been examined. The purpose of the present study was to identify the role of natural reduced water in anxiety and blood biochemical analysis.Materials and methods: Natural reduced water and distilled water were administered to rats for 180 ...
BRAIN - ROS-SCAVENGING

Molecular hydrogen protects against oxidative stress-induced SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cell death ...

Year Published: 2017

Inhalation of molecular hydrogen (H2) gas ameliorates oxidative stress-induced acute injuries in the brain. Consumption of water nearly saturated with H2 also prevents chronic neurodegenerative diseases including Parkinson's disease in animal and clinical studies. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the remarkable effect of a small amount of H2 remain unclear. Here, we investigated the ...
BRAIN - STROKE

Hydrogen Gas Inhalation Treatment in Acute Cerebral Infarction: A Randomized Controlled Clinical ...

Year Published: 2017

Background: Molecular hydrogen (H2) acts as a therapeutic antioxidant. Inhalation of H2 gas (1-4%) was effective for the improvement of cerebral infarction in multiple animal experiments. Thus, for actual applications, a randomized controlled clinical study is desired to evaluate the effects of inhalation of H2 gas. Here, we evaluate the H2 treatment on acute cerebral infarction. Methods: Through ...
BRAIN - NEUROPROTECTION

Hydrogen gas attenuates sevoflurane neurotoxicity through inhibiting nuclear factor ...

Year Published: 2017

Anesthesia neurotoxicity in developing brain has gained increasing attention. However, knowledge regarding its mitigating strategies remains scant. Sevoflurane, a commonly used anesthetic, is responsible for learning and memory deficits in neonates. Molecular hydrogen is reported to be a potential neuroprotective agent because of its antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activities. This study aimed ...
BRAIN - SURGERY/TRANSPLANTATION

Effects of Hydrogen-Rich Saline on Hepatectomy-Induced Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction in Old ...

Year Published: 2017

This study aims to investigate the protective effects and underlying mechanisms of hydrogen-rich saline on the cognitive functions of elder mice with partial hepatectomy-induced postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD). Ninety-six old male Kunming mice were randomly divided into 4 groups (n = 24 each): control group (group C), hydrogen-rich saline group (group H), POCD group (group P), and POCD ...
BRAIN - ADDICTION

Hydrogen-rich saline attenuates anxiety-like behaviors in morphine-withdrawn mice

Year Published: 2017

Hydrogen therapy is a new medical approach for a wide range of diseases. The effects of hydrogen on central nervous system-related diseases have recently become increasingly appreciated, but little is known about whether hydrogen affects the morphine withdrawal process. This study aims to investigate the potential effects of hydrogen-rich saline (HRS) administration on naloxone-precipitated ...
BRAIN - SURGERY/TRANSPLANTATION

Molecular hydrogen inhalation attenuates postoperative cognitive impairment in rats

Year Published: 2017

Postoperative cognitive decline is a major clinical problem with high morbidity and mortality after surgery. Many studies have found that molecular hydrogen (H2) has significant neuroprotection against acute and chronic neurological injury by regulating inflammation and apoptosis. In this study, we hypothesized that H2 treatment could ameliorate the development of cognitive impairment following ...
BRAIN - PARKINSON'S DISEASE

Complexity of Stomach-Brain Interaction Induced by Molecular Hydrogen in Parkinson's Disease Model ...

Year Published: 2017

Molecular hydrogen (H2), as a new medical gas, has protective effects in neurological disorders including Parkinson's disease (PD). In our previous report, the neuroprotective effect of drinking water with saturated H2 (H2 water) in PD mice might be due to stomach-brain interaction via release of gastric hormone, ghrelin. In the present study, we assessed the effect of H2-induced ghrelin more ...
BRAIN - SURGERY/TRANSPLANTATION

Hydrogen gas alleviates oxygen toxicity by reducing hydroxyl radical levels in PC12 cells

Year Published: 2017

Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy through breathing oxygen at the pressure of above 1 atmosphere absolute (ATA) is useful for varieties of clinical conditions, especially hypoxic-ischemic diseases. Because of generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), breathing oxygen gas at high pressures can cause oxygen toxicity in the central nervous system, leading to multiple neurological dysfunction, which ...
BRAIN - BRAIN INJURY

Hydrogen does not Exert Neuroprotective Effects or Improve Functional Outcomes in Rats After ...

Year Published: 2016

Aim: Increasing evidence suggests that reactive oxygen species damage the blood-brain barrier and increase brain edema after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Recently, strong clinical and experimental evidence has shown that hydrogen has potent protective cellular effects in various diseases. However, the effect of hydrogen on ICH remains unclear. The present study investigates whether hydrogen has ...
BRAIN - CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION (CPR)

Hydrogen Inhalation is Superior to Mild Hypothermia in Improving Cardiac Function and Neurological ...

Year Published: 2016

Background: Non-shockable rhythms represent an increasing proportion of reported cases of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest but with an associated poor prognosis. In the present study, we investigated the effects of hydrogen inhalation on cardiac and neurological function after cardiopulmonary resuscitation and compared the therapeutic benefit with hypothermia in an asphyxial rat model of cardiac ...
BRAIN - BRAIN INJURY

The protective effects of hydrogen on HO-1 expression in the brainafter focal cerebral ischemia ...

Year Published: 2016

Background/aim: The aim of this study was to investigate whether a hydrogen administration can produce neuroprotective effects after brain ischemia reperfusion in rats. Materials and methods: A brain ischemia reperfusion injury was induced by a 2-h left middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) using an intraluminal filament, followed by 46 h of reperfusion. A hydrogen-rich saline (1 mL/kg body ...
BRAIN - BRAIN INJURY

Hydrogen water reduces NSE, IL-6, and TNF-α levels in hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy

Year Published: 2016

This study retrospectively analyzed the efficacy of hydrogen water in the treatment of neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) and its effect on serum neuron-specific enolase (NSE), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels. Forty newborns with HIE who received treatment from April 2014 to April 2015 were divided into a conventional care group and a hydrogen water ...
BRAIN - PARKINSON'S DISEASE

A randomized double-blind multi-center trial of hydrogen water for Parkinson's disease: protocol and ...

Year Published: 2016

Background: Our previous randomized double-blind study showed that drinking hydrogen (H2) water for 48 weeks significantly improved the total Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) score of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients treated with levodopa. We aim to confirm this result using a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled multi-center trial. Methods: Changes in the total UPDRS scores ...
BRAIN - STRESS RESILIENCE

Effects of hydrogen-rich water on depressive-like behavior in mice

Year Published: 2016

Emerging evidence suggests that neuroinflammation and oxidative stress may be major contributors to major depressive disorder (MDD). Patients or animal models of depression show significant increase of proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and oxidative stress biomarkers in the periphery or central nervous system (CNS). Recent studies show that hydrogen selectively reduces cytotoxic ...