Hydrogen‐Powered Microswimmers for Precise and Active Hydrogen Therapy Towards Acute Ischemic Stroke

Shuanghu Wang, Kun Liu, Quan Zhou, Cong Xu, Junbin Gao, Zhen Wang, Fei Wang, Bin Chen, Yicheng Ye, Juanfeng Ou, Jiamiao Jiang, Daniela A Wilson, Shuwen Liu, Fei Peng, Yingfeng Tu

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DOI: 10.1002/adfm.202009475 DOI is the universal ID for this study.

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Abstract:

Biodegradable microswimmers offer great potential for minimally invasive targeted therapy due to their tiny scale, multifunctionality, and versatility. However, most of the reported systems focused on the proof‐of‐concept on the in vitro level. Here, the successful fabrication of facile hydrogen‐powered microswimmers (HPMs) for precise and active therapy of acute ischemic stroke is demonstrated. The hydrogen (H2) generated locally from the designed magnesium (Mg) microswimmer functions not only as a propellant for motion, but also as an active ingredient for reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inflammation scavenging. Due to the continuous detachment of the produced H2, the motion of the microswimmers results in active H2 delivery that allows for enhanced extracellular and intracellular reducibility. With the help of a stereotaxic apparatus device, HPMs were injected precisely into the lateral ventricle of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) rats. By scavenging ROS and inflammation via active H2, MCAO rats exhibit significant decrease in infarct volume, improved spatial learning and memory capability with minimal adverse effects, demonstrating efficient efficacy on anti‐ischemic stroke. The as‐developed HPMs with excellent biocompatibility and ROS scavenging capability holds great promise for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke or other oxidative stress induced diseases in clinic in the near future.

Publish Year 2021
Country China
Rank Positive
Journal Advanced Functional Materials
Primary Topic Brain
Secondary Topic Stroke
Model Rat
Tertiary Topic Novel Therapy
Vehicle Gas (Sustained Release)
pH N/A
Application Implant
Comparison
Complement