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Studies Found: 1179

WHOLE BODY - CANCER

Homogeneous Carbon/Potassium-Incorporation Strategy for Synthesizing Red Polymeric Carbon Nitride ...

Year Published: 2021

The efficient utilization of near-infrared (NIR) light for photocatalytic hydrogen generation is vitally important to both solar hydrogen energy and hydrogen medicine, but remains a challenge at present, owing to the strict requirement of the semiconductor for high NIR responsiveness, narrow bandgap, and suitable redox potentials. Here, an NIR-active carbon/potassium-doped red polymeric carbon ...
BONE - EXCERCISE

Supersaturated Hydrogen-Rich Water Hydrotherapy for Recovery of Acute Injury to the Proximal ...

Year Published: 2021

Background: Traditional treatments of soft tissue injuries (STIs) and some musculoskeletal injuries (MSK-Is) involves therapies such as the RICE protocol, which consists of rest, ice, compression and elevation for several days following acute trauma. Designed to improve comfort and reduce pain following traumatic injury, questions exist on the efficacy of RICE protocol; if it may in fact delay the ...
HEART - SURGERY/TRANSPLANTATION

Application of Molecular Hydrogen in Heart Surgery under Cardiopulmonary Bypass

Year Published: 2021

The aim of this work was to study the effect of molecular hydrogen on oxidative processes in cardiac surgery patients with acquired valve heart disease applied during surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Materials and methods: The study involved 20 patients (16 men and 4 women) with acquired heart valve disease who were operated on under CPB. Two groups of patients were formed. In group 1 ...
KIDNEY - KIDNEY STONES

Oral Hydrogen-Rich Water Alleviates Oxalate-Induced Kidney Injury by Suppressing Oxidative Stress, ...

Year Published: 2021

Objective: To explore the theraputic effects and potential mechanisms of hydrogen-rich water (HRW) against oxalate-induced kidney injury. Methods: The mouse model of Calcium oxalate (CaOx) crystallization was established by feeding a soluble oxalate diet. Crystal deposition, tubular injury, fibrosis and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in kidneys were examined by histology. Serum indexes ...
BRAIN - BRAIN INJURY

Hydrogen gas post-conditioning alleviates cognitive dysfunction and anxiety-like behavior in a rat ...

Year Published: 2021

Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) results in high rates of mortality and lasting disability. Hydrogen gas (H2) is an antioxidant with demonstrated neuroprotective efficacy. The present study examined the therapeutic efficacy of H2 inhalation on early brain injury following experimental SAH in rats and the potential underlying molecular mechanisms. The rats were randomly separated into three groups ...
PREGNANCY - ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION

Prenatal Molecular Hydrogen Administration Ameliorates Several Findings in Nitrofen-Induced ...

Year Published: 2021

Oxidative stress plays a pathological role in pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). This study investigated the effect of molecular hydrogen (H2), an antioxidant, on CDH pathology induced by nitrofen. Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three groups: control, CDH, and CDH + hydrogen-rich water (HW). Pregnant dams of CDH + HW pups were orally ...
LIVER - LIVER INJURY

The Preventive Role of Hydrogen-Rich Water in Thioacetamide-Induced Cholangiofibrosis in Rat ...

Year Published: 2021

Background: Cholangiofibrosis is a controversial intrahepatic cholangial lesion that precedes the development of cholangiocarcinoma. Here, we demonstrate that molecular hydrogen (H2) can be used to effectively prevent cholangiofibrosis. Methods: The safety and quality of life (QOL) of rats was firstly evaluated. H2 was administered to rats subjected to thioacetamide (TAA)-induced cholangiofibrosis ...
WHOLE BODY - ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION

Hydrogen-Rich Water Alleviates the Nickel-Induced Toxic Responses (Inflammatory Responses, Oxidative ...

Year Published: 2021

In recent years, studies investigating the protective effect of hydrogen-rich water (HRW) against different diseases and the toxicity of some substances have attracted increasing attention. Here, we assessed the effects of hydrogen-rich water on different nickel-induced toxic responses (reactive oxygen species (ROS), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) of ...
HEART - HEART ATTACK (MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION)

Hydrogen gas inhalation ameliorates cardiac remodelling and fibrosis by regulating NLRP3 ...

Year Published: 2021

It is noteworthy that prolonged cardiac structural changes and excessive fibrosis caused by myocardial infarction (MI) seriously interfere with the treatment of heart failure in clinical practice. Currently, there are no effective and practical means of either prevention or treatment. Thus, novel therapeutic approaches are critical for the long-term quality of life of individuals with myocardial ...
LUNG - SURGERY/TRANSPLANTATION

Lung Inflation With Hydrogen During the Cold Ischemia Phase Alleviates Lung Ischemia-Reperfusion ...

Year Published: 2021

Background: Lung inflation with hydrogen is an effective method to protect donor lungs from lung ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). This study aimed to examine the effect of lung inflation with 3% hydrogen during the cold ischemia phase on pyroptosis in lung grafts of rats. Methods: Adult male Wistar rats were randomly divided into the sham group, the control group, the oxygen (O2) group, and the ...
HEART - HEART ATTACK (MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION)

Hydrogen Attenuates Myocardial Injury in Rats by Regulating Oxidative Stress and NLRP3 Inflammasome ...

Year Published: 2021

Purpose: Hydrogen (H2) is an antioxidant with anti-inflammatory and apoptosis functions.This study aimed to estimate the effects of H2 on acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in rats and its association with the inhibition of oxidative stress and cardiomyocyte pyroptosis. Methods: Sixty-four rats were randomly divided into three groups (Sham, AMI, and H2). The left anterior descending coronary artery ...
WHOLE BODY - HYDROGEN BIOLOGY

Safety of Prolonged Inhalation of Hydrogen Gas in Air in Healthy Adults

Year Published: 2021

Ischemia-reperfusion injury is common in critically ill patients, and directed therapies are lacking. Inhaled hydrogen gas diminishes ischemia-reperfusion injury in models of shock, stroke, and cardiac arrest. The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety of inhaled hydrogen gas at doses required for a clinical efficacy study. Design: Prospective, single-arm study. Setting: Tertiary care ...
BRAIN - TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY

An H2-infused, nitric oxide-producing functional beverage as a neuroprotective agent for TBIs and ...

Year Published: 2021

Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are a leading cause of death and disability. Sports-related TBIs are estimated to be more than several million per year. The pathophysiology of TBIs involves high levels of inflammation, oxidative stress, dysregulation of ion homeostasis, mitochondrial dysfunction, and apoptosis. There is also a reduction in cerebral blood flow, leading to hypoxia and reduced ...
BRAIN - BRAIN INJURY

Hydrogen-rich saline alleviates early brain injury through regulating of ER stress and autophagy ...

Year Published: 2021

Purpose: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a common complication of cerebral vascular disease. Hydrogen has been reported to alleviate early brain injury (EBI) through oxidative stress injury, reactive oxygen species (ROS), and autophagy. Autophagy is a programmed cell death mechanism that plays a vital role in neuronal cell death after SAH. However, the precise role of autophagy in ...
LUNG - SEPSIS

High concentration of hydrogen gas alleviates Lipopolysaccharide-induced lung injury via activating ...

Year Published: 2021

Background and aims: The lung is the first organ to fail in sepsis. Our previous studies have proven that 2% molecular hydrogen (H2) inhalation remain a protective effect on a septic animal model via its anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptosis properties. This current research aims to observe the therapeutic effect of high concentration hydrogen (67%, HCH) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced acute ...
INTESTINE - CANCER

Multifunctional Magnesium Anastomosis Staples for Wound Closure and Inhibition of Tumor Recurrence ...

Year Published: 2021

Biodegradable magnesium (Mg) implants spontaneously releasing therapeutic agents against tumors are an intriguing therapeutic approach for both tissue repair and tumor treatment. Anastomotic staples are extensively used for wound closure after surgical resection in patients with colorectal tumors. However, the safety of Mg anastomosis implants for intestinal closure and the effect of tumor ...
HEART - HYPERTENSION

Attenuation of Myocardial Fibrosis Using Molecular Hydrogen by Inhibiting the TGF-β Signaling ...

Year Published: 2021

Background: Previous studies have shown that hydrogen (H2) can antagonize the fibrosis of various organs. We investigated whether hydrogen-rich saline (HRS) can attenuate myocardial fibrosis in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and clarified the mechanisms involved. Methods: We examined the effect of HRS and pirfenidone (PFD) on myocardial fibrosis in SHR. Systolic blood pressure, left ...
WHOLE BODY - AGING

The effects of 6-month hydrogen-rich water intake on molecular and phenotypic biomarkers of aging in ...

Year Published: 2021

In this randomized controlled pilot trial, we investigated the effects of a 6-month intake of hydrogen-rich water (HRW) on several molecular and phenotypic biomarkers of aging in older adults aged 70 years and over. Forty older adults (20 women) were randomly allocated in a parallel-group design to receive 0.5 L per day of HRW (15 ppm of hydrogen) or control drink (0 ppm of hydrogen) during a ...
WHOLE BODY - HEAT STRESS

Inhalation of 2% Hydrogen Improves Survival Rate and Attenuates Shedding of Vascular Endothelial ...

Year Published: 2021

Heat stroke is characterized by excessive oxidative stress and inflammatory responses, both of which are implicated in vascular endothelial glycocalyx shedding and heat-stroke mortality. Although molecular hydrogen has antioxidation and anti-inflammatory potency, its effect on the vascular endothelial glycocalyx in heat stroke has not been examined. Therefore, the aim of this study was to ...
BRAIN - SLEEP DEPRIVATION

Hydrogen-rich water and caffeine for alertness and brain metabolism in sleep-deprived habitual ...

Year Published: 2021

The main aim of this randomized-controlled cross-over interventional trial was to assess the acute effects of taking a single dose of hydrogen-rich water (HRW), and compare it with caffeine, HRW plus caffeine, and control water, for alertness, brain metabolism, brain and oxygen saturation, and self-reported adverse events in healthy men and women who were habitual coffee drinkers and were ...
MOUTH - PERIODONTITIS

Molecular hydrogen suppresses Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide-induced increases in ...

Year Published: 2021

Periodontitis is defined as a multifactorial polymicrobial infection accompanied by inflammatory reactions. Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) is known as a major pathogen in the initiation and progression of periodontitis, and a major virulence factor is Pg lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Molecular hydrogen (H2) has been reported to act as a gaseous antioxidant, which suppresses periodontitis progression by ...
INTESTINE - METABOLIC SYNDROME

Colonic lactulose fermentation has no impact on glucagon-like peptide-1 and peptide-YY secretion in ...

Year Published: 2021

Context: The colon houses most of our gut microbiota, which ferments indigestible carbohydrates. The products of fermentation have been proposed to influence the secretion of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and peptide YY (PYY) from the many endocrine cells in the colonic epithelium. However, little is known about the colonic contribution to fasting or postprandial plasma levels of L-cell ...
LUNG - AIRWAY DISEASE

Antioxidant Properties of Hydrogen Gas Attenuates Oxidative Stress in Airway Epithelial Cells

Year Published: 2021

Oxidative stress plays a crucial role in the development of airway diseases. Recently, hydrogen (H2) gas has been explored for its antioxidant properties. This study investigated the role of H2 gas in oxidative stress-induced alveolar and bronchial airway injury, where A549 and NCI-H292 cells were stimulated with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in vitro. Results show that ...
EYE - AGING

The Anti-Inflammatory Effect of Hydrogen Gas Inhalation and Its Influence on Laser-Induced Choroidal ...

Year Published: 2021

Background: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of blindness in the elderly. Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is the major pathologic feature of neovascular AMD. Oxidative damages and the ensuing chronic inflammation are representative of trigger events. Hydrogen gas (H2) has been demonstrated as an antioxidant and plays a role in the regulation of oxidative stress and ...
LUNG - SARS/COVID

Molecular hydrogen as an adjuvant therapy may be associated with increased oxygen saturation and ...

Year Published: 2021

Administration of molecular hydrogen dissolved in water to patient with COVID-19-like symptoms may improve oxygen levels and exercise capacity.