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Studies Found: 1104

HEART - HYPERTENSION

Daily inhalation of hydrogen gas has a blood pressure-lowering effect in a rat model of hypertension ...

Year Published: 2020

A recent clinical study demonstrated that haemodialysis with a dialysate containing hydrogen (H2) improves blood pressure control in end-stage kidney disease. Herein, we examined whether H2 has a salutary effect on hypertension in animal models. We subjected 5/6 nephrectomised rats to inhalation of either H2 (1.3% H2 + 21% O2 + 77.7% N2) or control (21% O2 + 79% N2) gas mixture for 1 h per day. H2 ...
MUSCLE - DIABETES

Evaluation of different type of electrolyzed water against bacterial colonization of diabetic foot ...

Year Published: 2020

Objective This study aims to evaluate the effect of electrolyzed water effect on bacterial colonization on diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) patients. Method This is an in vitro study. Eight bacteria are incubated into 5 types of electrolyzed water (ESAW), electrolyzed weak acid water (EWAW), electrolyzed neutral water (ENAW), electrolyzed weak alkaline water (EWAlW), and electrolyzed strong alkaline ...
LUNG - SARS/COVID

Acidic electrolyzed water potently inactivates SARS-CoV-2 depending on the amount of free available ...

Year Published: 2020

Alcohol-based disinfectant shortage is a serious concern in the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic. Acidic electrolyzed water (EW) with a high concentration of free available chlorine (FAC) shows strong antimicrobial activity against bacteria, fungi, and viruses. Here, we assessed the SARS-CoV-2-inactivating efficacy of acidic EW for use as an alternative ...
HEART - CARDIAC ARREST

Hydrogen gas inhalation alleviates oxidative stress in patients with post-cardiac arrest syndrome

Year Published: 2020

Oxidative stress plays a key role in the pathophysiology of post-cardiac arrest syndrome. Molecular hydrogen reduces oxidative stress and exerts anti-inflammatory effects in an animal model of cardiac arrest. However, its effect on human post-cardiac arrest syndrome is unclear. We consecutively enrolled five comatose post-cardiac arrest patients (three males; mean age, 65 ┬▒ 15 years; four ...
ENDOTHELIUM - SHOCK

Hydrogen Gas Inhalation Attenuates Endothelial Glycocalyx Damage and Stabilizes Hemodynamics in a ...

Year Published: 2020

Background: Hydrogen gas (H2) inhalation during hemorrhage stabilizes post-resuscitation hemodynamics, improving short-term survival in a rat hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation (HS/R) model. However, the underlying molecular mechanism of H2 in HS/R is unclear. Endothelial glycocalyx (EG) damage causes hemodynamic failure associated with HS/R. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that H2 ...
WHOLE BODY - ROS-SCAVENGING

Dependencies of hydrogen-water on mineral-based hardness, temperatures and the container materials, ...

Year Published: 2020

Widely distributed electrolytic-generators for hydrogen-water are not fully considered for the dependencies of post-electrolytic values of the dissolved hydrogen concentration (DH) and the oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) on the properties of the pre-electrolytic water. We investigated the dependencies of DH and ORP on mineral-based hardness, temperatures and the container materials, and ...
WHOLE BODY - EXCERCISE

The Effects of Supersaturated Hydrogen-Rich Water Bathing on Biomarkers of Muscular Damage and ...

Year Published: 2020

High-intensity eccentric exercise can cause a delayed onset of muscle soreness (DOMS), a short-term condition characterized by muscle damage and tenderness that might hold up recovery and jeopardize exercise routine. Previous studies indicated that hydrogen-rich water (HRW) might be a helpful topical intervention to boost recovery in musculoskeletal medicine, yet no data are available concerning ...
MOUTH - PERIODONTITIS

Effects of Electrolyzed Water on the Growth of Oral Pathologic Bacteria Species and its Cytotoxic ...

Year Published: 2020

Background: Microbial plaque-induced oral diseases are among the most common diseases worldwide. The present study aimed to compare the antimicrobial effect of electrolyzed water (EW), (acidic, mildly basic, and basic) on the growth of bacterial species producing dental plaque and to assess their cytotoxicity on fibroblasts and epithelial cells. Methods: The study was performed at Shahid Beheshti ...
HEART - HYPERTENSION

Hydrogen-rich saline mitigates pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy and atrial fibrillation ...

Year Published: 2020

Objective To investigate if hydrogen-rich saline (HRS), which has been shown to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, could mitigate cardiac remodelling and reduce the incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in the rat model of cardiac hypertrophy. Methods Pressure overload was induced in rats by abdominal aortic constriction (AAC). The animals were separated into four groups: sham; AAC ...
BRAIN - BRAIN INJURY

Hydrogen Gas Attenuates Hypoxic-Ischemic Brain Injury via Regulation of the MAPK/HO-1/PGC-1a Pathway ...

Year Published: 2020

Neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is a leading cause of death in neonates with no effective treatments. Recent advancements in hydrogen (H2) gas offer a promising therapeutic approach for ischemia reperfusion injury; however, the impact of this approach for HIE remains a subject of debate. We assessed the therapeutic effects of H2 gas on HIE and the underlying molecular mechanisms in ...
LUNG - CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE (COPD)

Hydrogen gas (XEN) inhalation ameliorates airway inflammation in asthma and COPD patients

Year Published: 2020

Background: Hydrogen was proven to have anti-oxidative and anti-inflammation effects to various diseases. Aim: We wish to investigate the acute effects of inhaled hydrogen on airway inflammation in patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Design: Prospective study. Methods: 2.4% hydrogen containing steam mixed gas (XEN) was inhaled once for 45 minutes in 10 patients ...
BRAIN - TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY

Hydrogen improves cell viability partly through inhibition of autophagy and activation of ...

Year Published: 2020

Objective´╝ÜTraumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the most serious public health problems in the world. Hydrogen (H2), a flammable, colorless, and odorless gas, has been observed to have preventive and therapeutic effects on brain trauma and other neurological disorders, but its exact mechanism has not been fully clarified. Methods: To further study the mechanism underlying the role of hydrogen ...
BRAIN - ADDICTION

Molecular hydrogen attenuates methamphetamine-induced behavioral sensitization and activation of ...

Year Published: 2020

Methamphetamine (METH) is one of the most prevalently used illegal psychostimulants in many countries. Continuous exposure to METH leads to behavioral sensitization in animals, which can be used as a behavioral model with many mechanisms in common with relapse in humans. Molecular hydrogen has recently gained attention for its potential as a novel healthcare product with preventive and therapeutic ...
KIDNEY - ACUTE KIDNEY INJURY

Saturated hydrogen alleviates CCl 4 -induced acute kidney injury via JAK2/STAT3/p65 signaling

Year Published: 2020

Objectives: This study assessed the protective effects of saturated hydrogen against CCl4-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) in mice, and investigated signaling pathways activated by exposure to saturated hydrogen. Methods: A mouse model of CCl4-induced AKI was established; some mice were treated with saturated hydrogen. Levels of cystatin C and kidney injury molecule 1 were determined using ...
BRAIN - SEPSIS

Hydrogen Gas Alleviates Sepsis-Induced Brain Injury by Improving Mitochondrial Biogenesis Through ...

Year Published: 2020

Sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE) affects approximately one-third of septic patients, and there is a lack of effective therapeutics for SAE. Hydrogen gas is a new medical gas that exerts anti-inflammation, antioxidation, and anti-apoptotic effects and can effectively protect septic mice. Mitochondrial dysfunction, which can be improved by mitochondrial biogenesis, is a type of molecular ...
BRAIN - SEPSIS

Hydrogen attenuates sepsis-associated encephalopathy by NRF2 mediated NLRP3 pathway inactivation

Year Published: 2020

Objective Sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE) is a major cause of mortality worldwide. Oxidative stress, inflammatory response and apoptosis participate in the pathogenesis of SAE. Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor containing pyrin domain 3 (NLRP3) pathway is involved in oxidative stress and inflammatory response. We ...
LIVER - ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION

Protective effects of molecular hydrogen on hepatotoxicity induced by sub-chronic exposure to ...

Year Published: 2020

Introduction: Chlorpyrifos (CPF) is a organophosphate insecticide widely used in agriculture with attendant adverse health outcomes. Chronic exposure to CPF induces oxidative stress and elicits harmful effects, including hepatic dysfunction. Molecular hydrogen has been identified as a novel antioxidant which could selectively scavenge hydroxyl radicals. Objective: The aim of this study was to ...
WHOLE BODY - BLOOD COMPOSITION

Effects of long-term hydrogen intervention on the physiological function of rats

Year Published: 2020

The potential therapeutic effects of molecular hydrogen (H2) have now been confirmed in various human and animal-disease models. However, the effects of H2 on the physiological function in a normal state have been largely neglected. Hydrogen-rich water (HRW) intake and hydrogen inhalation (HI) are the most common used methods for hydrogen administration, the difference in the effects between HRW ...
INTESTINE - SURGERY/TRANSPLANTATION

Luminal preloading with hydrogen-rich saline ameliorates ischemia-reperfusion injury following ...

Year Published: 2020

Prolonged intestinal cold storage causes considerable mucosal breakdown, which could bolster bacterial translocation and cause life-threatening infection for the transplant recipient. The intestine has an intraluminal compartment, which could be a target for intervention, but has not yet been fully investigated. Hydrogen gas exerts organ protection and has used been recently in several clinical ...
INTESTINE - BLOOD COMPOSITION

Amelioration of Coagulation Disorders and Inflammation by Hydrogen-Rich Solution Reduces Intestinal ...

Year Published: 2020

Intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury often causes inflammatory responses and coagulation disorders, which is further promoting the deterioration of the disease. Hydrogen has anti-inflammatory, antioxidative, and antiapoptotic properties against various diseases. However, the effect of hydrogen on coagulation dysfunction after intestinal I/R and the underlying mechanism remains unclear. The ...
UTERUS - CANCER

Hydrogen inhibits endometrial cancer growth via a ROS/NLRP3/caspase-1/GSDMD-mediated pyroptotic ...

Year Published: 2020

Background: Pyroptosis belongs to a novel inflammatory programmed cell death pathway, with the possible prognosis of endometrial cancer related to the terminal protein GSDMD. Hydrogen exerts a biphasic effect on cancer by promoting tumor cell death and protecting normal cells, which might initiate GSDMD pathway-mediated pyroptosis. Methods: We performed immunohistochemical staining and western ...
INTESTINE - SEPSIS

Hydrogen plays a protective role in intestinal injury of mice with severe sepsis by regulating the ...

Year Published: 2020

Objective: To investigate the protective effect of the hydrogen (H2) inhalation on intestinal injury in severe sepsis mice and its relationship with nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1)/high mobility group protein B1 (HMGB1) pathway. Methods: The 280 male wild-type (WT) and Nrf2 knockout (Nrf2-KO) ICR mice (6-8 weeks old, 20-25 g weight) were assigned into 8 groups ...
BRAIN - SEPSIS

Hydrogen gas alleviates blood-brain barrier impairment and cognitive dysfunction of septic mice in ...

Year Published: 2020

Sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE) is a cognitive impairment caused by sepsis and is related to increased morbidity and mortality. Damage to the blood-brain barrier (BBB) has been proved to be one of the important causes of SAE. Molecular hydrogen (H2) is a promising method for the treatment of SAE, yet the underlying mechanism is not clear. This study was designed to demonstrate whether H2 ...
BRAIN - SLEEP DEPRIVATION

Hydrogen vs. Caffeine for Improved Alertness in Sleep-Deprived Humans

Year Published: 2020

Molecular hydrogen (H2) has been suggested as an agent capable of exerting neuromodulating effects; yet, its potential to affect brain circuits linked to alertness remains poorly examined. In this randomized controlled cross-over pilot trial, we compared acute effects of single-dose hydrogen-rich water (HRW) and caffeine on estimates by the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) for alertness and on Attention ...
LIVER - SURGERY/TRANSPLANTATION

Protective effects of hydrogen on oxidative stress and liver function during CO2 pneumoperitoneum in ...

Year Published: 2020

The purpose of this study was to investigate the protective effects of hydrogen reducing ischemia-reperfusion injury during CO2 pneumoperitoneum on oxidative stress and liver function. Eighteen healthy Beagle dogs were divided into three groups. Dogs in the control group were subjected only to anesthesia for 90 min. The pneumoperitoneum group was subjected to the pressure of CO2 pneumoperitoneum ...