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Studies Found: 1104

BRAIN - SEPSIS

Chronic molecular hydrogen inhalation mitigates short and long-term memory loss in polymicrobial ...

Year Published: 2020

The central nervous system (CNS) is one of the first physiological systems to be affected in sepsis. During the exacerbated systemic inflammatory response at the early stage of sepsis, circulatory inflammatory mediators are able to reach the CNS leading to neuroinflammation and, consequently, long-term impairment in learning and memory formation is observed. The acute treatment with molecular ...
INTESTINE - INTESTINAL INJURY

Hydrogen-rich saline protects intestinal epithelial tight junction barrier in rats with intestinal ...

Year Published: 2020

Aim To investigate the effects of hydrogen-rich saline (HRS) on intestinal epithelial tight junction (TJ) barrier in rats with intestinal ischemia–reperfusion injury (IIRI). Materials and methods Thirty-two healthy male Sprague–Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into four groups (n = 8 each): Sham group, I/R group, HRS group and 4-PBA group. After 45 min of ischemia and 6 h of reperfusion, ...
BRAIN - SEPSIS

Molecular hydrogen alleviates brain injury and cognitive impairment in a chronic sequelae model of ...

Year Published: 2020

Sepsis-related encephalopathy (SAE), which causes a series of brain injuries and long-term, potentially irreversible cognitive dysfunction, is closely associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Hydrogen (H2) is a new type of medical gas molecule that has been widely used in the treatment of various diseases in recent years. The aim of the present study was to explore the protective effects ...
INTESTINE - SEPSIS

iTRAQ-Based Quantitative Proteomic Analysis of Intestines in Murine Polymicrobial Sepsis with ...

Year Published: 2020

Objective: Sepsis-associated intestinal injury has a higher morbidity and mortality in patients with sepsis, but there is still no effective treatment. Our research team has proven that inhaling 2% hydrogen gas (H2) can effectively improve sepsis and related organ damage, but the specific molecular mechanism of its role is not clear. In this study, isobaric tags for relative and absolute ...
BRAIN - STROKE

Longitudinal multiparametric MRI study of hydrogen-enriched water with minocycline combination ...

Year Published: 2020

Free radicals are downstream mediators of several cytotoxic cascades contributing to ischemic brain injury. Molecular hydrogen (H2) is an antioxidant potentially useful in the treatment of stroke. Hydrogen is easy to deliver, biologically non-toxic and diffuses freely through all biological structures including the blood-brain barrier and cellular membranes. This study evaluated the efficacy of ...
BRAIN - DIABETES

Protective effects of hydrogen‑rich saline against experimental diabetic peripheral neuropathy via ...

Year Published: 2020

It has previously been demonstrated that hyperglycemia‑induced oxidative stress and inflammation are closely associated with the development of diabetic complications, including diabetic neuropathy. Additionally, mitochondrial ATP‑sensitive potassium (Mito‑K‑ATP) channels play a homeostatic role on blood glucose regulation in organisms. Molecular hydrogen (H2) exhibits anti‑inflammatory, ...
NOSE - RHINITIS

Changes of nasal nitric oxide in the treatment of allergic rhinitis with hydrogen-rich saline lavage ...

Year Published: 2020

Objective:To observe the effect of hydrogen-rich saline on the concentration of nitric oxide in the nose, and to explore the mechanism of its treatment of allergic rhinitis. Method:Twenty patients with moderate to severe persistent allergic rhinitis were enrolled in a randomized, double-blind, self-controlled study. The nasal cavity was lavaged with hydrogen-rich normal saline and normal saline, ...
MOUTH - CANCER

Hydrogen-bubbled platinum-colloid suppresses human esophagus- or tongue-carcinoma cells with ...

Year Published: 2020

Carcinostatic effects of combined use of hydrogen nano-bubbles (nano-H) and platinum–povidone (PVP-–Pt) were examined. Hydrogen-dissolved medium was prepared by hydrogen-gas bubbling with a microporous gas-emittance-terminal into a medium in the absence or presence of PVP–Pt (nano-H, nano-H/PVP–Pt). Human esophagus-derived carcinoma cells KYSE70 were repressed for cell proliferation with ...
KIDNEY - SURGERY/TRANSPLANTATION

Oral Administration of Si-Based Agent Attenuates Oxidative Stress and Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in ...

Year Published: 2020

Organ ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI), which is unavoidable in kidney transplantation, induces the formation of reactive oxygen species and causes organ damage. Although the efficacy of molecular hydrogen (H2) in IRI has been reported, oral intake of H2-rich water and inhalation of H2 gas are still not widely used in clinical settings because of the lack of efficiency and difficulty in handling. ...
LUNG - SURGERY/TRANSPLANTATION

Protective effects of a hydrogen-rich preservation solution in a canine lung transplantation model

Year Published: 2020

Background: Molecular hydrogen (H2) has protective effects against ischemia-reperfusion injury in various organs. Because they are easier to transport and safer to use than inhaled H2, H2-rich solutions are suitable for organ preservation. In this study, we examined the protective effects of an H2-rich solution for lung preservation in a canine left lung transplantation (LTx) model. Methods: Ten ...
HEART - CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE (CVD)

Constitutive hydrogen inhalation prevents vascular remodeling via reduction of oxidative stress

Year Published: 2020

Molecular hydrogen is thought to have an inhibitory effect on oxidative stress, thereby attenuating the onset and progression of various diseases including cardiovascular disease; however, few reports have assessed the preventive effect of constitutive inhalation of hydrogen gas on of vascular remodeling. Here, we investigated the effect of constitutive inhalation of hydrogen gas on vascular ...
BRAIN - PARKINSON'S DISEASE

Renoprotective and neuroprotective effects of enteric hydrogen generation from Si-based agent

Year Published: 2020

We have developed Si-based agent which can generate a large amount of hydrogen. Si-based agent continues generating hydrogen for more than 24 h by the reaction with water under conditions similar to those in bowels, i.e., pH8.3 and 36 °C, and generates ~400 mL hydrogen. To investigate beneficial effects for diseases associated with oxidative stress, Si-based agent is administered to remnant ...
BRAIN - AGING

Short-Term H2 Inhalation Improves Cognitive Function in Older Women: A Pilot Study

Year Published: 2020

We analyzed the effects of 4-week H2 inhalation on cognitive performance in women aged 65 and above. The participants (n = 13) were community-dwelling older women (age 68.0 ± 3.0 years; weight 66.9 ± 10.3 kg; height 161.1 ± 5.8 cm) who volunteered to participate in this open-label pilot trial (ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02830854). The participants received H2 by inhalation for 15 min once per day ...
BRAIN - BRAIN INJURY

Inhaled H2 or CO2 Do Not Augment the Neuroprotective Effect of Therapeutic Hypothermia in a Severe ...

Year Published: 2020

Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is still a major cause of neonatal death and disability as therapeutic hypothermia (TH) alone cannot afford sufficient neuroprotection. The present study investigated whether ventilation with molecular hydrogen (2.1% H2) or graded restoration of normocapnia with CO2 for 4 h after asphyxia would augment the neuroprotective effect of TH in a subacute (48 h) HIE ...
TESTES - INFERTILITY

Combination of Korean Red Ginseng Extract and Hydrogen-Rich Water Improves Spermatogenesis and Sperm ...

Year Published: 2020

Objective: To investigate the effect of hydrogen-rich Korean Red Ginseng (KRG) water (HRGW) mixture on the spermatogenesis and sperm motility of mice of different ages. Methods: Eighty young (3 month-old) and aged (12 month-old) male mice were randomly assigned to 4 groups (n =10 per group) including control group, hydrogen-rich water (HRW) group (10 mL/kg daily), KRG group (50 mg/kg daily) and ...
BRAIN - BRAIN INJURY

Hydrogen gas inhalation improves delayed brain injury by alleviating early brain injury after ...

Year Published: 2020

Molecular hydrogen (H2) protect neurons against reactive oxygen species and ameliorates early brain injury (EBI) after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). This study investigated the effect of H2 on delayed brain injury (DBI) using the rat SAH + unilateral common carotid artery occlusion (UCCAO) model with the endovascular perforation method. 1.3% H2 gas (1.3% hydrogen premixed with 30% oxygen and ...
SKIN - AGING

Antioxidant Activity of Hydrogen Water Mask Pack Composed of Gel-Type Emulsion and Hydrogen ...

Year Published: 2020

In this study, hydrogen generation powder samples were prepared using zinc carbonate as a precursor, at a temperature varying from 400 to 700 °C in H2 atmosphere, and were characterized in terms of antioxidant activity. The concentration of dissolved hydrogen obtained by the powder samples was measured using a dissolved hydrogen meter as a function of time. In addition, the antioxidant activity ...
WHOLE BODY - METABOLIC SYNDROME

The Effects of 24-Week, High-Concentration Hydrogen-Rich Water on Body Composition, Blood Lipid ...

Year Published: 2020

Purpose: Metabolic syndrome is associated with several medical risk factors including dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia, and obesity, which has become a worldwide pandemic. The sequelae of this condition increase the risk of cardiovascular and neurological disease and increased mortality. Its pathophysiology is associated with redox dysregulation, excessive inflammation, and perturbation of cellular ...
WHOLE BODY - RADIOPROTECTION

Hydrogen-rich water attenuates the radiotoxicity induced by tritium exposure in vitro and in vivo

Year Published: 2020

Radionuclide tritium is widely used in the nuclear energy production industry and creates a threat to human health through radiation exposure. Herein, the radioactive elimination and radioprotective effect of hydrogen-rich water (HRW), a potential antioxidant with various medical applications, on tritiated water (HTO) exposure, was studied in vitro and in vivo. Results showed that intragastric ...
LUNG - CANCER

Hydrogen therapy can be used to control tumor progression and alleviate the adverse events of ...

Year Published: 2020

Chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy are used against advanced non-small cell lung cancer. A clinically efficacious method for relieving the adverse events associated of such therapies is lacking. Fifty-eight adult patients were enrolled in our trial to relieve pulmonary symptoms or the adverse events of drugs. Twenty patients who refused drug treatment were assigned equally and ...
HEART - HEART ATTACK (MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION)

Effects of Hydrogen-rich Water on the PI3K/AKT Signaling Pathway in Rats with Myocardial ...

Year Published: 2020

Background: The effects of hydrogen-rich water on PI3K/AKT-mediated apoptosis were studied in rats subjected to myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI). Methdos: Sixty rats were divided randomly into a hydrogen-rich water group and a control group. The hearts were removed and fixed in a Langendorff device. Hearts from the control group were perfused with K-R solution, and hearts from the ...
HEART - HEART ATTACK (MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION)

Metabolomics Analysis of the Effect of Hydrogen-Rich Water on Myocardial Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury ...

Year Published: 2020

To investigate the effect of hydrogen-rich water on myocardial tissue metabolism in a myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI) rat model. Twelve rats were randomly divided into a hydrogen-rich water group and a control group of size 6 each. After the heart was removed, it was fixed in the Langendorff device, and the heart was perfused with 37 °C perfusion solution pre-balanced with oxygen. ...
LUNG - ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION

Hydrogen water alleviates paraquat-induced lung fibroblast injury in vitro by enhancing Nrf2 ...

Year Published: 2020

Objective: To investigate the effects of hydrogen water on proliferation, differentiation, collagen secretion and Nrf2 expression in paraquat-induced human lung fibroblasts. Methods: In vitro cultured human lung fibroblasts (HFL1) exposed to 600 μmol/L paraquat (PQ) for 24 h were treated with hydrogen water with or without RNA interference of Nrf2 expression. The changes in the cell proliferation ...
BRAIN - DIABETES (TYPE II)

Effects of a high concentration of hydrogen on neurological function after traumatic brain injury in ...

Year Published: 2020

Reactive oxygen species, inflammation, and apoptosis are major contributors to secondary injuries that follow traumatic brain injury (TBI) in diabetic patients. Hydrogen (H2) can selectively neutralize reactive oxygen species and downregulate inflammatory and apoptotic factors. Therefore, we investigated the effects of inhaled high and low concentrations of hydrogen on neurological function after ...
LIVER - METABOLIC SYNDROME

Hydrogen inhalation alleviates nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in metabolic syndrome rats

Year Published: 2020

Hydrogen exhibits therapeutic and preventive effects against various diseases. The present study investigated the potential protective effect and dose‑dependent manner of hydrogen inhalation on high fat and fructose diet (HFFD)‑induced nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in Sprague‑Dawley rats. Rats were randomly divided into four groups: i) Control group, regular diet/air inhalation; ...