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Studies Found: 1183

INTESTINE - METABOLIC SYNDROME

Colonic lactulose fermentation has no impact on glucagon-like peptide-1 and peptide-YY secretion in ...

Year Published: 2021

Context: The colon houses most of our gut microbiota, which ferments indigestible carbohydrates. The products of fermentation have been proposed to influence the secretion of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and peptide YY (PYY) from the many endocrine cells in the colonic epithelium. However, little is known about the colonic contribution to fasting or postprandial plasma levels of L-cell ...
LUNG - AIRWAY DISEASE

Antioxidant Properties of Hydrogen Gas Attenuates Oxidative Stress in Airway Epithelial Cells

Year Published: 2021

Oxidative stress plays a crucial role in the development of airway diseases. Recently, hydrogen (H2) gas has been explored for its antioxidant properties. This study investigated the role of H2 gas in oxidative stress-induced alveolar and bronchial airway injury, where A549 and NCI-H292 cells were stimulated with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in vitro. Results show that ...
EYE - AGING

The Anti-Inflammatory Effect of Hydrogen Gas Inhalation and Its Influence on Laser-Induced Choroidal ...

Year Published: 2021

Background: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of blindness in the elderly. Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is the major pathologic feature of neovascular AMD. Oxidative damages and the ensuing chronic inflammation are representative of trigger events. Hydrogen gas (H2) has been demonstrated as an antioxidant and plays a role in the regulation of oxidative stress and ...
LUNG - SARS/COVID

Molecular hydrogen as an adjuvant therapy may be associated with increased oxygen saturation and ...

Year Published: 2021

Administration of molecular hydrogen dissolved in water to patient with COVID-19-like symptoms may improve oxygen levels and exercise capacity.
LUNG - SEPSIS

High concentration of hydrogen ameliorates lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury in a ...

Year Published: 2021

The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and underlying mechanism of high concentration of hydrogen on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI). We have established a corresponding mouse model and examined the function of hydrogen inhalation on lung pathology and pulmonary edema induced by LPS, as well as contents of IL-1β, TNF-α and IL-8. The pulmonary microvascular ...
BRAIN - BRAIN INJURY

Hydrogen-Rich Water Improves Cognitive Ability and Induces Antioxidative, Antiapoptotic, and ...

Year Published: 2021

Background: Cerebral ischemia and its reperfusion injury facilitate serious neurodegenerative diseases such as dementia due to cell death; however, there is currently no treatment for it. Reactive oxygen species is one of the many factors that induce and worsen the development of such diseases, and it can be targeted by hydrogen treatment. This study examined the effect of molecular hydrogen in ...
WHOLE BODY - AGING

Protective Effect of Molecular Hydrogen Following Different Routes of Administration on ...

Year Published: 2021

Background: Molecular hydrogen (H2) has been recognized as an effective antioxidant with no or little side effects. While it is known that oxidative stress is closely associated with aging, the beneficial effect of H2 on oxidative stress-related aging is still unclear. In this study, a mouse model of D-galactose-induced aging was employed to investigate the protective effects of H2. Methods: The ...
MUSCLE - EXCERCISE

A Comparison of the Antioxidant Effects Between Hydrogen Gas Inhalation and Vitamin C ...

Year Published: 2021

The reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced during exercise act as a double-edged sword because they may cause oxidative damage but also play a role in the signaling pathways. A supplementation of exogenous antioxidants can reduce the total amount of ROS during exercise while it may also affect the ROS' role in the signaling pathways of mitochondrial biogenesis. It has been suggested that hydrogen ...
WHOLE BODY - ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION

Evaluation of the hydrogen-rich water alleviation potential on mercury toxicity in earthworms using ...

Year Published: 2021

The toxic effects of mercury in earthworms and the potential alleviation effect of hydrogen-rich water (HRW) using ATR-FTIR and LC-MS analysis methods were investigated. Different concentrations of mercury chloride (H1: 5 µg/mL, H2: 10 µg/mL, H3: 20 µg/mL, H4: 40 µg/mL, and C1: control) and mercury chloride prepared in hydrogen-rich water (H5: 5 µg/mL, H6: 10 µg/mL, H7: 20 µg/mL, H8: 40 ...
LUNG - CANCER

The effects of inhaling hydrogen gas on macrophage polarization, fibrosis, and lung function in mice ...

Year Published: 2021

Background: Acute respiratory distress syndrome, which is caused by acute lung injury, is a destructive respiratory disorder caused by a systemic inflammatory response. Persistent inflammation results in irreversible alveolar fibrosis. Because hydrogen gas possesses anti-inflammatory properties, we hypothesized that daily repeated inhalation of hydrogen gas could suppress persistent lung ...
BONE MARROW - SURGERY/TRANSPLANTATION

Hydrogen-Rich Water Ameliorates Murine Chronic Graft-versus-Host Disease through Antioxidation

Year Published: 2021

Background: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is an important treatment option for various hematopoietic diseases and certain hereditary diseases. Chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) has become the main life-threatening complication and cause of death in later stage postallo-HSCT. Current treatment options for cGVHD are limited. Hydrogen gas (H2) has been ...
HEART - DIABETES

Effect of hydrogen-rich water on the lactic acid level in metformin-treated diabetic rats under ...

Year Published: 2021

The present study aims to investigate the impact of hydrogen-rich water on the lactic acid level in metformin-treated diabetic rats under hypoxia. Thirty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into five groups, including normal diet group, and diabetes model (DM) group, DM + metformin treatment (DMM) group, DMM + hypoxia treatment (DMMH) group and DMMH + hydrogenrich water (DMMHR) group. We ...
BRAIN - AGING

Effects of Natural Reduced Water on Cognitive Function, Body Composition, and Psychological Function ...

Year Published: 2021

Natural reduced water is natural water that contains active hydrogen and reduces oxidation. It is rare in the world, and in Japan, it is produced in the Hita area of Oita Prefecture (Hita Tenryosui water). Previous studies in humans have examined the effects of natural reduced water on diabetes, which is one of the known risks for dementia. Animal studies of natural reduced water have revealed ...
LIVER - SURGERY/TRANSPLANTATION

Effect of hydrogen gas inhalation on patient QOL after hepatectomy: protocol for a randomized ...

Year Published: 2021

Introduction: Molecular hydrogen had been considered inactive in vivo but is an antioxidant that selectively reduces highly toxic reactive oxygen species (ROS). Animal studies have reported that hydrogen gas inhalation helped alleviate cerebral and cardiac ischemia-reperfusion injuries. In humans, hydrogen inhalation therapy is presently approved as a treatment under Advanced Medical Care B in ...
WHOLE BODY - EXCERCISE

Influence of molecular hydrogen on behavioral adaptation of Сhinchilla lanigera taking into account ...

Year Published: 2021

It was found that the inclusion of water enriched with molecular hydrogen in the diet of animals increased the overall proportion of active behavior. According to the form of behavior 'moving around the cage', it was found that males and females of the experimental group spent more time than animals of the control group. Males of the experimental group were 24% more active at night, and females ...
SKIN - COSMETIC ISSUES

The condition of the hairline of Chinchilla lanigera after the introduction of a hydrogen ...

Year Published: 2021

It was found that the inclusion of water enriched with molecular hydrogen into the diet of a long-tailed chinchilla changed the fur quality indicators. In animals of the experimental group, the guard and downy hairs were thinner than in the control group. The length of downy hair in the experimental group was higher, the number of hairs in the follicle in the chinchillas of the experimental group ...
BRAIN - BRAIN INJURY

Molecular hydrogen alleviates lung injury after traumatic brain injury: Pyroptosis and apoptosis

Year Published: 2021

Background: Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) is a critical condition, and inflammation and apoptosis play essential roles. Molecular hydrogen (H2) exerts anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic effects. Our previous work has shown that 42% H2 can improve TBI. In the current study, we tested the hypothesis that inhalation of hydrogen (42% H2, 21% O2, balanced nitrogen) for ...
INTESTINE - INTESTINAL INJURY

Hydrogen Promotes the M1 Macrophage Conversion During the Polarization of Macrophages in Necrotizing ...

Year Published: 2021

Background: Hydrogen is protective against intestinal injury in necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), mainly through to alleviate inflammation response. The M1 macrophages can promote inflammation. We hypothesized that hydrogen would promote the M1 macrophages conversion during the polarization and reduce the inflammatory factors in NEC. Methods: We used M1 and M2 macrophages induced from RAW264.7 ...
SKIN - COSMETIC ISSUES

Hydrogen-rich bath with nano-sized bubbles improves antioxidant capacity based on oxygen radical ...

Year Published: 2021

This study compared the effects of hydrogen-water (HW) bath on the oxygen radical absorption-based antioxidant capacity and the inflammatory indicator, C-reactive protein (CRP), in serum between healthy volunteers and inflammatory/collagen disease-patients. The HW bath apparatus supplied nano-bubbles with a diameter of 110 ± 10 nm and 338-682 μg/L of dissolved hydrogen after 120 minutes ...
WHOLE BODY - HYDROGEN BIOLOGY

In vivo microelectrode monitoring of real-time hydrogen concentration in different tissues of rats ...

Year Published: 2021

Medical effects of hydrogen have been reported in many studies. Due to difficulties in measuring hydrogen concentration in vivo after intake and high explosive risks of hydrogen, studies about dose-response relationships and tissue concentrations of hydrogen are few. Here, for the first time, we monitored real-time hydrogen concentrations in different tissues in rats including brain, liver, ...
WHOLE BODY - HYDROGEN BIOLOGY

Pharmacokinetics of hydrogen after ingesting a hydrogen-rich solution: A study in pigs

Year Published: 2021

Drinking hydrogen (H2)-rich water is a common way to consume H2. Although many studies have shown efficacy of drinking H2-rich water in neuropsychiatric and endocrine metabolic disorders, their authenticity has been questioned because none examined the associated pharmacokinetics of H2. Therefore, we performed the first study to investigate the pharmacokinetics of H2 in pigs given an H2-rich ...
INTESTINE - CANCER

Controlled release of hydrogen by implantation of magnesium induces P53-mediated tumor cells ...

Year Published: 2021

Hydrogen has been used to suppress tumor growth with considerable efficacy. Inhalation of hydrogen gas and oral ingestion of hydrogen-rich saline are two common systemic routes of hydrogen administration. We have developed a topical delivery method of hydrogen at targeted sites through the degradation of magnesium-based biomaterials. However, the underlying mechanism of hydrogen's role in cancer ...
SKIN - WOUND HEALING

The Therapeutic Effects of Oral Intake of Hydrogen Rich Water on Cutaneous Wound Healing in Dogs

Year Published: 2021

This study explored the effects of drinking Hydrogen-rich water (HRW) on skin wound healing in dogs. Eight circular wounds were analyzed in each dog. The experimental group was treated with HRW thrice daily, while the control group was provided with distilled water (DW). The wound tissues of dogs were examined histopathologically. The fibroblasts, inflammatory cell infiltration, the average number ...
INTESTINE - INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE (IBD)

Hydrogen-rich water partially alleviate inflammation, oxidative stress and intestinal flora ...

Year Published: 2021

Purpose: Oxidative damage and intestinal flora dysbiosis play important roles in the progression of chronic ulcerative colitis (UC). This study explored the effect and mechanism of molecular hydrogen in chronic UC. Materials and methods: Male C57BL/6 mice (19.6 ​± ​0.4 ​g, 7 weeks) were randomly divided into 3 groups: normal control (NC) group, UC (Dextran Sulfate Sodium, DSS) group, and ...
HEART - EXTRACORPOREAL CPR (ECPR)

Hydrogen gas with extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation improves survival after prolonged ...

Year Published: 2021

Background: Despite the benefits of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) in cohorts of selected patients with cardiac arrest (CA), extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) includes an artificial oxygenation membrane and circuits that contact the circulating blood and induce excessive oxidative stress and inflammatory responses, resulting in coagulopathy and endothelial cell ...