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Studies Found: 1093

LUNG - SEPSIS

Hydrogen-rich saline regulates the polarization and apoptosis of alveolar macrophages and attenuates ...

Year Published: 2021

Background: Hydrogen-rich saline (HRS) has a protective effect on sepsis-induced lung injury. However, the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. Polarization and apoptosis of macrophages are essential factors in the pathogenesis of acute lung injury (ALI). Moreover, autophagy is involved in the regulation of both macrophage polarization and apoptosis. Therefore, this study investigated the ...
BRAIN - PARKINSON'S DISEASE

Effects of concomitant use of hydrogen water and photobiomodulation on Parkinson disease: A pilot ...

Year Published: 2021

Background: Parkinson disease (PD), the second most common neurodegenerative disease, has no cure or applicable disease-modifying approach, only symptomatic therapy. Oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction play key roles in PD pathophysiology. Animal studies have demonstrated that photobiomodulation (PBM) may enhance mitochondrial function and boost adenosine triphosphate production, thus ...
LUNG - CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE (COPD)

Hydrogen regulates the M1/M2 polarization of alveolar macrophages in a rat model of chronic ...

Year Published: 2021

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a respiratory disease with high morbidity and mortality worldwide, so far there is no ideal treatment method. Previous studies have shown that hydrogen (H2) is involved in the treatment of COPD as an antioxidant. In this study, the effect of H2 on M1/M2 polarization of alveolar macrophages in COPD rats was observed, and its anti-inflammatory ...
MUSCLE - SURGERY/TRANSPLANTATION

Protective Effect of Hydrogen Gas on Mice Hind Limb Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury

Year Published: 2021

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of hydrogen gas on hind limb IR injury. Methods: Male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into three groups: sham group (Sham), ischemia-reperfusion group (IR), IR plus H2 inhalation group (IR + H2). IR was induced by interrupting hind limb blood flow for 3h, followed by 4h of reperfusion, and H2 was administered by inhalation ...
LIVER - CANCER

In vivo X-ray triggered catalysis of H2 generation for cancer synergistic gas-radiotherapy

Year Published: 2021

To date, hydrogen (H2) therapy has received widespread attention. However, X-ray triggered sustainable H2-producing materials with controlled release for cancer treatment have not been reported. Herein, an X-ray triggered sustainable in situ H2 producing platform, Au NR-TiO2@ZnS:Cu,Co-A(Au-TiO2@ZnS), composed of Au-amorphous TiO2 nano-dumbbell-shaped heterostructure coated with long afterglow ...
WHOLE BODY - OBESITY

Hydrogen Nano-Bubble Water Suppresses ROS Generation, Adipogenesis, and Interleukin-6 Secretion in ...

Year Published: 2021

Reactive oxygen species (ROS)-induced oxidative stress in adipose tissue is associated with inflammation and the development of obesity-related metabolic disorders. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of hydrogen nano-bubble water (HW) on ROS generation, adipogenesis, and interleukin-6 (IL-6) secretion in hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) or phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)-stimulated ...
BONE - RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS (RA)

Magnesium-Based Micromotors as Hydrogen Generators for Precise Rheumatoid Arthritis Therapy

Year Published: 2021

Hydrogen therapy is an emerging and highly promising strategy for the treatment of inflammation-related diseases. However, nonpolarity and low solubility of hydrogen under the physiological conditions results in a limited therapeutic effect. Herein, we develop a biocompatible magnesium micromotor coated with hyaluronic acid as a hydrogen generator for precise rheumatoid arthritis management. The ...
BRAIN - SEPSIS

Hydrogen gas alleviates sepsis-induced neuroinflammation and cognitive impairment through regulation ...

Year Published: 2021

Sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE) can cause acute and long-term cognitive impairment and increase the mortality rate in sepsis patients, and we previously reported that 2% hydrogen gas (H2) inhalation has a therapeutic effect on SAE, but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Dynamic DNA methylation, which catalyzed by DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs), is involved in the formation of ...
LUNG - ASTHMA

Molecular hydrogen alleviates asthma through inhibiting IL-33/ILC2 axis

Year Published: 2021

Background: Asthma is one of the most common noninfectious chronic diseases characterized by type II inflammation. This study aimed to investigate the effects of molecular hydrogen on the pathogenesis of asthma. Methods: OVA sensitized asthma mouse model and house dust mite treated 16HBE cellular model were established and hydrogen/oxygen mixture was used to treat asthmatic mice and 16HBE cells. ...
LIVER - LIVER DISEASE

Hydrogen gas alleviates acute alcohol-induced liver injury by inhibiting JNK activation

Year Published: 2021

Binge alcohol drinking is fast becoming a global health concern, with the liver among the first organ involved and the one afflicted with the greatest degree of injury. Oxidative stress, alterations in hepatic metabolism, immunity and inflammation have all been reported to contribute to the development of alcoholic liver disease (ALD). Hydrogen gas (H2) serves a key role in the modulation of ...
BRAIN - PARKINSON'S DISEASE

Hydrogen-saturated saline mediated neuroprotection through autophagy via PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway in ...

Year Published: 2021

Some cardiovascular symptoms in the early stage of Parkinson's disease (PD) were related to degeneration of the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) catecholaminergic neurons. To date, little is known about the effects of hydrogen water on early stage of PD. Here, protective actions of hydrogen-saturated saline (HS) on rotenone-induced PD rats, as well as its underlying mechanisms were ...
WHOLE BODY - DIABETES (TYPE II)

The protective effect of hydrogen-rich water on rats with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Year Published: 2021

The hydrogen-rich water (HW) has been reported to possess a beneficial role in patients with diabetes. However, a systemic evaluation with an appropriate animal model is necessary to reveal its mechanisms and efficacy. Herein, the protective effects of drinking HW on lipid and glucose metabolism, oxidative stress, and inflammation in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) rats were investigated. The ...
LUNG - CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE (COPD)

Hydrogen/oxygen therapy for the treatment of an acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary ...

Year Published: 2021

Background: To investigate whether the administration of hydrogen/oxygen mixture was superior to oxygen in improving symptoms in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). Methods: This prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trial in 10 centres enrolled patient with AECOPD and a Breathlessness, Cough, and Sputum Scale (BCSS) score of at ...
STOMACH - CANCER

Hydrogen inhibits the proliferation and migration of gastric cancer cells by modulating lncRNA ...

Year Published: 2021

Background: Gastric cancer is one of the most prevalent and deadly malignancies without efficient treatment option. This study aimed to investigate the effect of hydrogen gas on the behavior of gastric cancer cells. Methods: Gastric cancer cell lines MGC-803 and BGC-823 were treated with or without H2 /O2 gas mixture (66.7%:33.3% v/v). Proliferation and migration were assessed by MTT and scratch ...
BRAIN - STROKE

Hydrogen‐Powered Microswimmers for Precise and Active Hydrogen Therapy Towards Acute Ischemic ...

Year Published: 2021

Biodegradable microswimmers offer great potential for minimally invasive targeted therapy due to their tiny scale, multifunctionality, and versatility. However, most of the reported systems focused on the proof‐of‐concept on the in vitro level. Here, the successful fabrication of facile hydrogen‐powered microswimmers (HPMs) for precise and active therapy of acute ischemic stroke is ...
WHOLE BODY - CANCER

Homogeneous Carbon/Potassium-Incorporation Strategy for Synthesizing Red Polymeric Carbon Nitride ...

Year Published: 2021

The efficient utilization of near-infrared (NIR) light for photocatalytic hydrogen generation is vitally important to both solar hydrogen energy and hydrogen medicine, but remains a challenge at present, owing to the strict requirement of the semiconductor for high NIR responsiveness, narrow bandgap, and suitable redox potentials. Here, an NIR-active carbon/potassium-doped red polymeric carbon ...
BONE - EXCERCISE

Supersaturated Hydrogen-Rich Water Hydrotherapy for Recovery of Acute Injury to the Proximal ...

Year Published: 2021

Background: Traditional treatments of soft tissue injuries (STIs) and some musculoskeletal injuries (MSK-Is) involves therapies such as the RICE protocol, which consists of rest, ice, compression and elevation for several days following acute trauma. Designed to improve comfort and reduce pain following traumatic injury, questions exist on the efficacy of RICE protocol; if it may in fact delay the ...
HEART - SURGERY/TRANSPLANTATION

Application of Molecular Hydrogen in Heart Surgery under Cardiopulmonary Bypass

Year Published: 2021

The aim of this work was to study the effect of molecular hydrogen on oxidative processes in cardiac surgery patients with acquired valve heart disease applied during surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Materials and methods: The study involved 20 patients (16 men and 4 women) with acquired heart valve disease who were operated on under CPB. Two groups of patients were formed. In group 1 ...
KIDNEY - KIDNEY STONES

Oral Hydrogen-Rich Water Alleviates Oxalate-Induced Kidney Injury by Suppressing Oxidative Stress, ...

Year Published: 2021

Objective: To explore the theraputic effects and potential mechanisms of hydrogen-rich water (HRW) against oxalate-induced kidney injury. Methods: The mouse model of Calcium oxalate (CaOx) crystallization was established by feeding a soluble oxalate diet. Crystal deposition, tubular injury, fibrosis and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in kidneys were examined by histology. Serum indexes ...
BRAIN - BRAIN INJURY

Hydrogen gas post-conditioning alleviates cognitive dysfunction and anxiety-like behavior in a rat ...

Year Published: 2021

Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) results in high rates of mortality and lasting disability. Hydrogen gas (H2) is an antioxidant with demonstrated neuroprotective efficacy. The present study examined the therapeutic efficacy of H2 inhalation on early brain injury following experimental SAH in rats and the potential underlying molecular mechanisms. The rats were randomly separated into three groups ...
PREGNANCY - ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION

Prenatal Molecular Hydrogen Administration Ameliorates Several Findings in Nitrofen-Induced ...

Year Published: 2021

Oxidative stress plays a pathological role in pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). This study investigated the effect of molecular hydrogen (H2), an antioxidant, on CDH pathology induced by nitrofen. Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three groups: control, CDH, and CDH + hydrogen-rich water (HW). Pregnant dams of CDH + HW pups were orally ...
LIVER - LIVER INJURY

The Preventive Role of Hydrogen-Rich Water in Thioacetamide-Induced Cholangiofibrosis in Rat ...

Year Published: 2021

Background: Cholangiofibrosis is a controversial intrahepatic cholangial lesion that precedes the development of cholangiocarcinoma. Here, we demonstrate that molecular hydrogen (H2) can be used to effectively prevent cholangiofibrosis. Methods: The safety and quality of life (QOL) of rats was firstly evaluated. H2 was administered to rats subjected to thioacetamide (TAA)-induced cholangiofibrosis ...
WHOLE BODY - ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION

Hydrogen-Rich Water Alleviates the Nickel-Induced Toxic Responses (Inflammatory Responses, Oxidative ...

Year Published: 2021

In recent years, studies investigating the protective effect of hydrogen-rich water (HRW) against different diseases and the toxicity of some substances have attracted increasing attention. Here, we assessed the effects of hydrogen-rich water on different nickel-induced toxic responses (reactive oxygen species (ROS), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) of ...
HEART - HEART ATTACK (MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION)

Hydrogen gas inhalation ameliorates cardiac remodelling and fibrosis by regulating NLRP3 ...

Year Published: 2021

It is noteworthy that prolonged cardiac structural changes and excessive fibrosis caused by myocardial infarction (MI) seriously interfere with the treatment of heart failure in clinical practice. Currently, there are no effective and practical means of either prevention or treatment. Thus, novel therapeutic approaches are critical for the long-term quality of life of individuals with myocardial ...
LUNG - SURGERY/TRANSPLANTATION

Lung Inflation With Hydrogen During the Cold Ischemia Phase Alleviates Lung Ischemia-Reperfusion ...

Year Published: 2021

Background: Lung inflation with hydrogen is an effective method to protect donor lungs from lung ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). This study aimed to examine the effect of lung inflation with 3% hydrogen during the cold ischemia phase on pyroptosis in lung grafts of rats. Methods: Adult male Wistar rats were randomly divided into the sham group, the control group, the oxygen (O2) group, and the ...